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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is possibly poisonous once the seedpods have formed[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[2][3][4][5][6]. Somewhat hot, the young leaves are used as a flavouring in salads, where they add a piquant flavour[7][8]. Older leaves are used as a potherb[8]. It is best to use just the young shoots and leaves in the spring, older leaves are bitter[7].

Flowering stems - cooked[7][6]. A pleasant, cabbage/radish flavour, they can be used as a broccoli substitute before the flowers open[8]. The stems should be lightly steamed for no more than 5 minutes[7]. The flowers can also be cooked as a vegetable or used as a garnish[8]. Seed - it can be sprouted and eaten raw[5]. A hot flavour, it can be added to salads and sandwiches[8]. The seed can be ground into a powder and used as a food flavouring. It has a hot mustard flavour[3][7][9][10].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[11][12][6].

Unknown part

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

An edible semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed. It is also used in making soap[6] and burns well so can be used for lighting[3].

Unknown part

Oil

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant is used in Bach flower remedies - the keywords for prescribing it are 'Black depression', 'Melancholia' and 'Gloom'[13].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - germinates in spring and autumn in the wild. It should not really need much encouragement.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sinapis arvensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Usually found on heavy alkaline soils in the wild[14]. Succeeds on most soils. Dislikes shade. The plant harbours an eelworm that attacks other crops[15]. It is therefore best not to grow it in a garden setting.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sinapis arvensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sinapis arvensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sinapis arvensis
Genus
Sinapis
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  13. ? 13.013.1 Chancellor. P. M. Handbook of the Bach Flower Remedies C. W. Daniel Co. Ltd. ISBN 85207 002 0 (1985-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  15. ? Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)

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Facts about "Sinapis arvensis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
Belongs to genusSinapis +
Has binomial nameSinapis arvensis +
Has common nameCharlock +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +, Flowers +, Leaves + and Seed +
Has edible useCondiment +, Unknown use + and Oil +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeBees + and Flies +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageHerik 17-10-2005 13.59.40.JPG +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useOil +
Has mature height0.75 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useBach +
Has primary imageHerik 17-10-2005 13.59.40.JPG +
Has search namesinapis arvensis + and charlock +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSinapis arvensis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Sinapis arvensis +, Sinapis arvensis +, Sinapis arvensis +, Sinapis arvensis +, Sinapis arvensis +, Sinapis arvensis + and Sinapis arvensis +