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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - cooked as a vegetable[1][2][3]. The whole plant is dried and used as a tea substitute[1][3].

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Scutellaria baicalensis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Baikal skullcap is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs and is used primarily in treating \"hot and damp\" conditions such as dysentery and diarrhoea[4][5]. It has been used medicinally for over 2,000 years and recent research has found that the roots contain flavonoids that greatly enhance liver function and also have anti-inflammatory and antiallergenic effects[6].

The root is anodyne, antibacterial, anticholesterolemic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, astringent, cholagogue, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, haemostatic, laxative, nervine, mildly sedative, stomachic and tonic (for TB)[7][8][9][10][11][4][6]. It reputedly calms the foetus in pregnant women[6]. The root is used internally in the treatment of enteritis, dysentery, diarrhoea, jaundice, chronic hepatitis, urinary tract infections, hypertension, threatened miscarriage, nosebleed and haemorrhage from the lungs or bowel[6]. It is one of the ingredients of the Chinese drug 'injection of three yellow herbs'[6]. The root is harvested in the autumn or spring from plants 3 - 4 years old and is dried for later use[6].

The seed is used to cleanse the bowels of blood and pus[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow outdoors in situ in late spring[12]
If there is only a small quantity of seed it is better to sow it in a pot in a cold frame in early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.
Division in spring just before new growth begins. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Scutellaria baicalensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in a sunny position in any ordinary garden soil that does not dry out during the growing season[12]. Prefers a light well-drained soil in sun or partial shade[6]. This species requires sharp drainage and, once established, is drought tolerant[6].

Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[6].

A very ornamental plant[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Scutellaria baicalensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Scutellaria baicalensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Scutellaria baicalensis
Genus
Scutellaria
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Scutellaria baicalensis flowers.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.86.9 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
    11. ? 11.011.1 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

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