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Uses

Toxic parts

The seed is poisonous[1]. The fruit is poisonous[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit[3]. No more details from this report but another report says that it is poisonous[2]. The berry-like fruits have a leathery coat that contains poisonous saponins[4]. The fruit is about 15mm in diameter[5] and often hangs on the tree until the following spring[6].

Fruit

Material uses

A soap is obtained from the fruit by rubbing the fruit in water[1][7][8][9]. Used in Mexico for washing clothes[10]. The fruit can be dried and stored for later use[11].

Buttons and necklaces are made from the seed[2].

Wood - heavy, strong and close-grained[6][2]. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot[10]. It splits easily into thin strips and is often used in basket making, it is also used as a fuel[12][6][10][4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit is antirheumatic and febrifuge[2]. It is used in the treatment of kidney diseases[2][10]. A poultice of the sap has been used to treat wounds[13].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - requires some cold stratification. Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow in a cold frame in mid-winter. Move to a greenhouse in early spring. The seed should germinate in late spring. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in early summer. Cuttings of almost ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Fairly good percentage[14].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sapindus drummondii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any well-drained soil in full sun[15]. This species tolerates a wide range of soils, including those that are dry, stony and nutrient deficient[5].

One report says that this species will probably not survive long outdoors in Britain, even though it is the hardiest member of the genus[1]. Another says that it is quite hardy in Britain[7] whilst a third says that it can tolerate temperatures down to about -7°c[5]. A specimen planted at Kew in 1987 was 2½ metres tall and looking very healthy in August 1999[K].

Trees are relatively slow-growing in the wild[4].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sapindus drummondii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sapindus drummondii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sapindus drummondii
Genus
Sapindus
Family
Sapindaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.8 Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Haywood. V. H. Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217674-9 ()
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
  12. ? 12.012.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  14. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  15. ? Stapleton. C. Bamboos of Nepal The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 0947643680 (1994-00-00)
  16. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

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