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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. Usually ground into a powder and used as piñole or made into dark-coloured cakes and loaves[5], it has a nutty flavour[1]. It can also be mixed with corn meal when making mush or with ground wheat for gruel[5]. Rich in niacin, thiamine, zinc, calcium and manganese[6], it is also a good source of protein and easily digested fats[7]. It has a high food value and is easily digested[1].

The sprouted seeds can be added to salads and sandwiches[6][5]. A refreshing drink can be made by steeping the seed in cold water[1][2][3][5]. Alternatively, the seed can be roasted and ground into a powder then mixed with water when it soon becomes a copious gelatinous mass[8]. It is very palatable and nutritious[8]. The seed has been used to render water palatable by removing the alkalis[4].

The leaves are occasionally used as a sage-like seasoning[5].

Unknown part

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Salvia columbariae.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seed is digestive, disinfectant, febrifuge and ophthalmic[2][4]. An infusion can be used in the treatment of fevers[4]. A poultice of the seed mush can be applied to infections[4].

The seeds have been kept in the mouth, and chewed during long journeys on foot, in order to give strength[4].

The seeds have been used to cleanse the eyes or remove foreign matter from the eyes[4]. No more information is given here, but in other instances the seed has been placed in the eye, it then forms a gelatinous covering to which any foreign matter in the eye adheres. The seed is washed out of the eye by the eyes own tears[K].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April in situ. The plant dislikes root disturbance. If seed supplies are limited then it can be sown in a pot in a greenhouse in March/April, potted up into individual pots as soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle then planted out in May. Germination usually takes 10 - 14 days at 20°c.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Salvia columbariae. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a very well-drained light sandy soil in a sunny position[9]. Prefers a rich soil[10].

Plants are lodge resistant[6]. This plant was a staple food crop of the Aztecs[11]. It is often cultivated for its edible seeds, which are used to make a refreshing and nourishing drink. A good bee plant[12].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Salvia columbariae. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Salvia columbariae.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Salvia columbariae
Genus
Salvia
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Salvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Salvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Salvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-00072-2 (1975-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Sweet. M. Common Edible and Useful Plants of the West. Naturegraph Co. ISBN 0-911010-54-8 (1962-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  11. ? Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (1975-00-00)
  12. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  14. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-71

"image:Salvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Salvia columbariae"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLabiatae +
Belongs to genusSalvia +
Has binomial nameSalvia columbariae +
Has common nameChia +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Seed +
Has edible useCondiment +, Drink + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has imageSalvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual + and Perennial +
Has mature height0.7 +
Has mature width0.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDigestive +, Disinfectant +, Febrifuge + and Ophthalmic +
Has primary imageSalvia columbariae 2003-04-11.jpg +
Has search namesalvia columbariae + and chia +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSalvia columbariae +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Salvia columbariae +, Salvia columbariae +, Salvia columbariae +, Salvia columbariae +, Salvia columbariae +, Salvia columbariae + and Salvia columbariae +