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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Inner bark - raw or cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and then added to cereal flour for use in making bread etc. A very bitter flavour, it is a famine food that is only used when all else fails[1]. Young shoots - raw or cooked. They are not very palatable[1]. The leaves have been used as a flavouring in cooked foods[2].

Inner bark

Leaves

Material uses

Stems are very flexible and are used in basket making[3][4]. The plant is usually coppiced annually when grown for basket making, though it is possible to coppice it every two years if thick poles are required as uprights.

The bark has been used extensively in basket making[2]. Fibres from the inner bark can be twisted into long ropes[5]. The soft roots have been used as a towel to rub down after bathing[2]. An infusion of the roots has been used as a hair wash[2].

Wood - light, soft, close grained[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves have been used as an antidote to shellfish poisoning[2]. The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[5], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[7]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[5].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November to February in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, June to August in a frame. Very easy.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Salix hookeriana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[8][9], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[10]. Rarely thrives on chalk[10]. Tolerates maritime exposure[9][10].

A fast-growing but short-lived species[11]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[10]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[9]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[10].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Salix hookeriana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Salix hookeriana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Salix hookeriana
Genus
Salix
Family
Salicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
1 x meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Gunther. E. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press ISBN 0-295-95258-X (1981-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
  8. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)

"image:Salixhookeriana.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Salix hookeriana"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familySalicaceae +
Belongs to genusSalix +
Has binomial nameSalix hookeriana +
Has common nameDune Willow +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partInner bark + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Bees +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageSalixhookeriana.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry +, Fibre +, Hair care + and Wood +
Has mature height1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnodyne +, Antidote + and Febrifuge +
Has primary imageSalixhookeriana.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namesalix hookeriana + and dune willow +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSalix hookeriana +
Has water requirementshigh +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana +, Salix hookeriana + and Salix hookeriana +