Seed - cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews etc or mixed with cereals for making bread. The seed contains bitter tannins, these can be leached out by thoroughly washing the seed in running water though many minerals will also be lost. Either the whole seed can be used or the seed can be dried and ground it into a powder. It can take several days or even weeks to properly leach whole seeds, one method was to wrap them in a cloth bag and place them in a stream. Leaching the powder is quicker. A simple taste test can tell when the tannin has been leached. The traditional method of preparing the seed was to bury it in boggy ground overwinter. The germinating seed was dug up in the spring when it would have lost most of its astringency.
The roasted seed is a coffee substitute.
An ink is made from the tannin-rich galls
. The galls are caused by the activity of the Cynipid fly Cynips tinctoria
. The galls contain 36 - 58% tannin
. An extract of the galls is mixed with ferrous sulphate together with a gum and colouring in order to make the ink
. We are not sure if the galls are meant to be used before or after the insect has left them[K].
The bark and acorns are astringent
. They are used in the treatment of intertrigo, impetigo and eczema
Any galls produced on the tree are strongly astringent and can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery etc
Seed - it quickly loses viability if it is allowed to dry out. It can be stored moist and cool overwinter but is best sown as soon as it is ripe in an outdoor seed bed, though it must be protected from mice, squirrels etc. Small quantities of seed can be sown in deep pots in a cold frame. Plants produce a deep taproot and need to be planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible, in fact seed sown in situ will produce the best trees
. Trees should not be left in a nursery bed for more than 2 growing seasons without being moved or they will transplant very badly.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Quercus infectoria. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Prefers a good deep fertile loam which can be on the stiff side
. Young plants tolerate reasonable levels of side shade
. Tolerates moderate exposure, surviving well but being somewhat stunted
Prefers warmer summers than are usually experienced in Britain, trees often grow poorly in this country and fail to properly ripen their wood resulting in frost damage overwinter.
Intolerant of root disturbance, trees should be planted in their permanent positions whilst young.
Hybridizes freely with other members of the genus.
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Quercus infectoria. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Quercus infectoria.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.11.2 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
? 2.02.12.2 Rottsieper. E.H.W. Vegetable Tannins The Forestal Land, Timber and Railways Co. Ltd. (1946-00-00)
? 3.03.13.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
? 4.04.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
? 5.05.15.25.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? Cite error: Invalid
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