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Uses

Toxic parts

Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - cooked. Used for making jellies, marmalade and sauces[1][2].

Fruit

Material uses

Tolerant of trimming and of reasonable exposure, it can be grown as a hedge[3][4]. It forms a very spiny barrier[4].
There are no material uses listed for Pyracantha coccinea.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Pyracantha coccinea.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[4]. Remove all the fruit flesh since this can inhibit germination[4]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification, sow it as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[5]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of almost mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, mid-August in a cold frame[6]. Pot up in October or the following spring[6].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pyracantha coccinea. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a good well-drained, moisture retentive loamy soil[7][4]. Succeeds in any soil that is warm and not very heavy[8]. Another report says that it grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds on chalky soils[9]. Succeeds in sun or part shade[4] and also on a shady wall[10][3], though it does not fruit so well in a shady position[4]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and reasonable exposure[4].

A very ornamental plant[7], there are a number of named varieties[8][4]. Susceptible to scab and fireblight[8], especially when grown on acid sandy soils[11]. This species, especially the cultivar 'Lelandii', is notably resistant to honey fungus[4]. Intolerant of root disturbance except when young[8].

A good bee plant[9]. Birds are particularly attracted to the fruit of this plant[4].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pyracantha coccinea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pyracantha coccinea.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Pyracantha coccinea
Genus
Pyracantha
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
4 x 4 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Feuerdorn (Pyracantha coccinea).JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Bryan. J. and Castle. C. Edible Ornamental Garden. Pitman Publishing ISBN 0-273-00098-5 (1976-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. ()
  4. ? 4.004.014.024.034.044.054.064.074.084.094.104.114.12 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  5. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (1981-00-00)
  10. ? Knight. F. P. Plants for Shade. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0-900629-78-9 (1980-00-00)
  11. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)

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Facts about "Pyracantha coccinea"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusPyracantha +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial namePyracantha coccinea +
Has common nameFirethorn +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageFeuerdorn (Pyracantha coccinea).JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height4 +
Has mature width4 +
Has primary imageFeuerdorn (Pyracantha coccinea).JPG +
Has search namepyracantha coccinea + and firethorn +
Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePyracantha coccinea +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Pyracantha coccinea +