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Uses

Toxic parts

This species can cause photosensitization of the skin[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit. A very bitter flavour, though it is eaten by young children[2]. The fruit is also used as a hop substitute when making beer and it is added to yeast to make it rise more quickly when making bread[3][4][5]. The fruit is produced abundantly in Britain[6], though very little of it is fertile[7]. The fruit is very thin and about 25mm long[8].

Unknown part

Fruit

Material uses

Sometimes used as a hedge plant in N. America[9]. Wood - hard, heavy, close grained[10][11]. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot[12] but the tree does not grow large enough for commercial exploitation[13].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root-bark is anthelmintic, antibacterial, antiperiodic, stomachic and tonic[14][15][16][10][17]. It has been mixed with other medicines in order to give added potency[18][19][20]. It has a soothing influence on the mucous membranes and promotes the appetite, being tolerated when other tonics cannot be retained[14]. It is also taken in the treatment of intermittent fevers such as malaria, heartburn, roundworms, pinworms and poor digestion[17]. Externally it is applied to wounds[17]. The roots are harvested in the autumn, the bark peeled off and dried for later use[17].

The roots are a tonic, used in the treatment of asthmatic breathing, fevers, poor appetite etc[19].

The leaves are said to be useful in the treatment of wounds and also in the destruction of intestinal worms[18][19].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[8]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification at 5°c and should be sown as early as possible in the year[21]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Very little of the seed produced in Britain is viable[7].

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[21].

Layering.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ptelea trifoliata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any fertile well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or light part day shade[7][8].

The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. A very ornamental plant[22], it is slow-growing and short-lived in the wild[13]. The sub-species P. trifoliata mollis. Torr.&Gray. is the form that is eaten by children[2]. The leaves are aromatic[23]. All parts of the plant emit a disagreeable odour[12]. The flowers are especially pungent and are pollinated by carrion flies[13].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ptelea trifoliata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ptelea trifoliata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ptelea trifoliata
Genus
Ptelea
Family
Rutaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    6 x 6 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.2 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.119.219.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    20. ? 20.020.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    21. ? 21.021.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    22. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    23. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    24. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Ptelea trifoliata 20050606 635 part.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Ptelea trifoliata"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRutaceae +
    Belongs to genusPtelea +
    Functions asHedge +
    Has binomial namePtelea trifoliata +
    Has common nameHop Tree +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Fruit +
    Has edible useCondiment + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeCarrion flies +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imagePtelea trifoliata 20050606 635 part.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useWood +
    Has mature height6 +
    Has mature width6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Antibacterial +, Antiperiodic +, Miscellany +, Stomachic + and Tonic +
    Has primary imagePtelea trifoliata 20050606 635 part.jpg +
    Has search nameptelea trifoliata + and hop tree +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePtelea trifoliata +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata +, Ptelea trifoliata + and Ptelea trifoliata +