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Edible uses


Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. Liked by children[5]. Sloe-like[6], it has rather an astringent flavour[K]. The fruit is up to 17mm long and contains a single large seed[K]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[2][7][8][6]. It is used in cooking[4][5].


Unknown part


Material uses

The seed contains 21% of a fatty oil[9]. As well as being edible, it can also be used for lighting[2][6][10][5].

The oilcake is used for washing clothes[5]. A deep purple colour btained from the fruits is used for painting windows and walls[5]. Plants are grown as a hedge in the Himalayas[1][5]. Plants have an extensive root system and are used for binding the soil[5].

Wood - very hard, compact, very liable to split[10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An oil from the seed is rubefacient[9]. It is applied externally as a treatment for rheumatism and muscular pain caused by hard work[9]. The oil is also applied to the forehead and temples in the treatment of coughs and colds[5].

The heated oilcake is applied as a poultice to the abdomen in the treatment of stomachaches[5]. A paste of this seedcake is used as a poultice to treat ringworm or eczema[5].

The fruit is used in Chinese medicine[11]. We have no more details.

Unknown part


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions


Earth stabiliser


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - best if given 2 months cold stratification[12]. Sow the seed in autumn if possible, otherwise in late winter or early spring in a cold frame in light shade. Germination may be inhibited by light[12]. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough to handle into individual pots. Grow them on in a greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Prinsepia utilis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained soil in full sun or light shade[13]. Requires a light not too fertile soil[14].

Plants are hardy to about -10°c[15].

The plants produce flowers and fruits better when they are growing in full sun[13]. Flowers are produced on the previous seasons wood[13] and can be produced in the autumn as well as the spring. The flowers are produced on the current years wood according to another report[16]. Autumn flowers can produce ripe fruit in the following spring. Unfortunately, the plants only produce fruit in Britain after long hot summers[13].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Prinsepia utilis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Prinsepia utilis.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Prinsepia utilis
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    2. ? Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    6. ? Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
    7. ? Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    9. ? Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    10. ? Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 ? Alpine Garden Society Bulletin. Volume 56. Alpine Garden Society ()
    12. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    13. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    15. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    16. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

    Facts about "Prinsepia utilis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRosaceae +
    Belongs to genusPrinsepia +
    Functions asHedge + and Earth stabiliser +
    Has binomial namePrinsepia utilis +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useOil +, Wood + and Paint +
    Has mature height3.5 +
    Has mature width3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useMiscellany +, Rubefacient + and Skin +
    Has search nameprinsepia utilis +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePrinsepia utilis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Prinsepia utilis +, Prinsepia utilis +, Prinsepia utilis +, Prinsepia utilis +, Prinsepia utilis +, Prinsepia utilis +, Prinsepia utilis + and Prinsepia utilis +