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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - raw or cooked as a potherb, added to soups etc[1][2][3]. A mild flavour, though the texture is a bit tough[K]. The leaves are often available all through the winter[K].

Flowers - raw or cooked. They make an attractive garnish to salads[4, 183, 238, K], and can also be used as a cooked vegetable or in conserves etc[4][3]. Picked when first opened, the flowers are fermented with water and sugar to make a very pleasant and intoxicating wine[1].

Both the flowers and the leaves can be made into a syrup or a tea[3].

Flowers

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

Makes a good carpet in open woodland and on woodland edges[5][6]. Plants are best spaced about 35cm apart each way[7].
There are no material uses listed for Primula vulgaris.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Primroses have a very long history of medicinal use and has been particularly employed in treating conditions involving spasms, cramps, paralysis and rheumatic pains[8]. They are, however, considered to be less effective than the related P. veris[8]. The plant contains saponins, which have an expectorant effect, and salicylates which are the main ingredient of aspirin and have anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge effects[8]. This remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women, patients who are sensitive to aspirin, or those taking anti-coagulant drugs such as warfarin[8].

The roots and the flowering herb are anodyne, antispasmodic, astringent, emetic, sedative and vermifuge[4]. An infusion of the roots is a good remedy against nervous headaches[4]. The roots are harvested in the autumn when two or three years old and dried for later use[4].

An ointment has been made from the plant and used for treating skin wounds[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[10]. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame[11]. Germination is inhibited by temperatures above 20°c[12]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in autumn. This is best done every other year[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Primula vulgaris. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a medium to heavy moisture retentive humus rich loam in a cool position with light to medium shade[12]. Grows well in heavy clay soils.

Plants are hardy to about -25°c[13]. A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties[13]. The blooms have a characteristic fragrance of a mossy bank or a deciduous woodland[14].

This species hybridizes readily with P. elatior[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Primula vulgaris. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Primula vulgaris.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Primula vulgaris
Genus
Primula
Family
Primulaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Primula vulgaris-1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Primula vulgaris-1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Primula vulgaris-1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Primula vulgaris-1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Brown. Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland. ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  10. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
  11. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  14. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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Facts about "Primula vulgaris"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPrimulaceae +
Belongs to genusPrimula +
Functions asGround cover +
Has binomial namePrimula vulgaris +
Has common namePrimrose +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Unknown part +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Lepidoptera + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imagePrimula vulgaris-1.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height0.3 +
Has mature width0.25 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnodyne +, Antispasmodic +, Astringent +, Emetic +, Sedative + and Vermifuge +
Has primary imagePrimula vulgaris-1.JPG +
Has search nameprimula vulgaris + and primrose +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePrimula vulgaris +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris +, Primula vulgaris + and Primula vulgaris +