This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Catkins - raw or cooked[1][2]. Eaten as a snack[3].

The young green seedpods have been chewed as a gum[3].

Inner bark[1]. There are no more details but inner bark is often dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread.

Flowers

Unknown part

Gum

Inner bark

Material uses

Strips of the inner bark have been used in garments[2]. This report does not make clear if this was merely for ornament, or whether the bark had a functional use[K].

An extract of the shoots can be used as a rooting hormone for all types of cuttings. It is extracted by soaking the chopped up shoots in cold water for a day[4]. The young twigs are peeled and split then used in basket making[5][2][3].

Wood - soft, weak, light, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion[6][2]. Used locally for fence posts, the trees are also frequently pollarded for fuel[7][2].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The inner bark was consumed by various native North American Indian tribes in order to prevent scurvy[5][2]. The bark of most, if not all members of the genus contain salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body[8][9]. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. It is used especially in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps[9]. An infusion of the bark and leaves has been used to wet a cloth which is then tied around the head as a treatment for headaches[3]. The infusion has also been used as a wash on cuts, bruises, wounds and insect stings[3]. A poultice of the boiled bark and leaves has been used to treat swellings caused by muscle strain[3].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - must be sown as soon as it is ripe in spring[10]. Poplar seed has an extremely short period of viability and needs to be sown within a few days of ripening[11]. Surface sow or just lightly cover the seed in trays in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the old frame. If sufficient growth is made, it might be possible to plant them out in late summer into their permanent positions, otherwise keep them in the cold frame until the following late spring and then plant them out. Most poplar species hybridize freely with each other, so the seed may not come true unless it is collected from the wild in areas with no other poplar species growing[6].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 20 - 40cm long, November/December in a sheltered outdoor bed or direct into their permanent positions. Very easy.

Suckers in early spring[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Populus fremontii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it does well in a heavy cold damp soil[13]. Prefers a deep rich well-drained circumneutral soil, growing best in the south and east of Britain[6][11]. Tolerates extremely alkaline soils[11]. Growth is much less on wet soils, on poor acid soils and on thin dry soils[6]. It does not do well in exposed upland sites[6]. It dislikes shade and is intolerant of root or branch competition[11].

A fast-growing but short-lived species[2]. Some forms of this species are tender in Britain[6]. Poplars have very extensive and aggressive root systems that can invade and damage drainage systems. Especially when grown on clay soils, they should not be planted within 12 metres of buildings since the root system can damage the building's foundations by drying out the soil[6]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Populus fremontii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Populus fremontii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Populus fremontii
Genus
Populus
Family
Salicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Coon. N. The Dictionary of Useful Plants. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-090-x (1975-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.82.9 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    10. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)

    "image:Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Populus fremontii"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familySalicaceae +
    Belongs to genusPopulus +
    Has binomial namePopulus fremontii +
    Has common nameCottonwood +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Unknown part + and Inner bark +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Gum +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has imagePopulus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry +, Fuel +, Rooting hormone + and Wood +
    Has mature height25 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnodyne +, Antiinflammatory +, Antiscorbutic + and Febrifuge +
    Has primary imagePopulus fremontii ssp. fremontii 001.jpg +
    Has search namepopulus fremontii + and cottonwood +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePopulus fremontii +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii +, Populus fremontii + and Populus fremontii +