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Uses

Toxic parts

In hot dry climates the hairs of the fruits and leaves are believed to cause an effect similar to hay fever[1][2].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Platanus orientalis.

Material uses

A fabric dye is obtained from the branches and roots[3]. The colour is not given[K]. Wood - tough, difficult to split, not durable. It is not esteemed for carpentry, but has certain advantages in cabinet making[3], it is also used for inlay work and wood pulp[4][5][6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are astringent and vulnerary[3]. The fresh leaves are bruised and applied to the eyes in the treatment of ophthalmia[7]. A decoction is used to treat dysentery and a cream made from the leaves is used to heal wounds and chilblains[3]. The leaves are harvested in the spring and summer and can be dried for later use[3]. The bark is boiled in vinegar and then used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, hernias and toothache[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - two months cold stratification improves germination[8]. Sow spring in a cold frame in light shade[9][10]. Home grown seed is often of poor quality and low viability. It is best to harvest the seed in late winter or spring and then sow it immediately in a cold frame[11]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current years growth, 20 - 30 cm with a heel, autumn in a cold frame[12]. Easy[2].

Layering of stools in spring or autumn. Takes 12 months[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Platanus orientalis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a sunny position in a deep fertile well-drained soil[13]. A fast growing species, established plants are drought tolerant[2]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and compacted soils[2].

This species is hardy in most areas of Britain but the trees do not do well in northern parts of the country, requiring hotter summers than are normally experienced there[10]. A very ornamental and very long lived tree[12]. It is immune to 'Plane tree wilt' fungus[1].

Very tolerant of root disturbance, trees up to 5 metres tall can be moved quite easily[2].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Platanus orientalis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Platanus orientalis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Platanus orientalis
Genus
Platanus
Family
Platanaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  8. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()
  11. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  13. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)

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