The needles contain a substance called terpene, this is released when rain washes over the needles and it has a negative effect on the germination of some plants, including wheat. A source of turpentine, but it is not being exploited for this. Oleo-resins are present in the tissues of all species of pines, but these are often not present in sufficient quantity to make their extraction economically worthwhile. The resins are obtained by tapping the trunk, or by destructive distillation of the wood. In general, trees from warmer areas of distribution give the higher yields. Turpentine consists of an average of 20% of the oleo-resin and is separated by distillation. Turpentine has a wide range of uses including as a solvent for waxes etc, for making varnish, medicinal etc. Rosin is the substance left after turpentine is removed. This is used by violinists on their bows and also in making sealing wax, varnish etc. Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc.Wood - very variable in quality, it is usually coarse grained, hard, strong and heavy. It weighs 38lb per cubic foot. A valuable timber in its native range because it is less resinous than most pines and is easily worked. It is used for general construction, veneer, low-grade furniture, lumber and pulp. The wood weighs 38lb per cubic foot.
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This species is fairly fast-growing in its native habitat, where it reaches seed-bearing age in 20 - 25 years. It is not very successful and is quite slow growing in Britain, it has not been recorded as coning here. The seed takes two summers to mature, the cones are 4 - 6cm long, opening and shedding their seed whilst still attached to the tree. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus. Leaf secretions inhibit the germination of seeds, thereby inhibiting the growth of other plants below the tree.Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Pinus echinata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Pinus echinata.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
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