This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young male catkins - raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring[1].

Immature female cones - cooked. The central portion, when roasted, is sweet and syrupy[1]. The cones are about 5cm long[2]. Inner bark - dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread[1]. An emergency food when all else fails. Seed - raw[1]. The seed is about 2 - 4mm long[3] and is too small and fiddly to be worthwhile unless you are desperate[1].

A refreshing tea, rich in vitamin C, can be made from the young shoot tips[1].

Flowers

Inner bark

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

The bark is a source of tannin[4][5][2].

The branches and the roots have been shredded, pounded and used to make cord and rope[6]. (It is probably the bark that was used[K].) The bark has been used to make baskets and various small utensils[6].

Wood - close-grained, light, soft, not strong. It is used for lumber, construction, fuel and charcoal[4][5][2][7]. It is also valued for its use in the pulp industry to make paper[7].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the bark has been used in the treatment of respiratory complaints, TB etc[6].

A decoction of the leaves and gum has been used in the treatment of cancer[6]. It was said that if this treatment did not work then nothing would work[6]. The decoction was also used in the treatment of coughs[6]. The ashes of the twigs, mixed with oil, have been used as an ointment or salve on damaged skin[6].

The pitch obtained from the trunk has been used in the treatment of eczema[6].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - stratification will probably improve germination so sow fresh seed in the autumn in a cold frame if possible[8]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[9]. A position in light shade is probably best[9]. Seed should not be allowed to dry out and should be stored in a cool place[8]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions in early summer of the following year, or be placed in an outdoor nursery bed for a year or so to increase in size. They might need protection from spring frosts.

Cuttings of semi-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 8cm long, August in a frame. Protect from frost. Forms roots in the spring[9]. Cuttings of mature terminal shoots, 5 - 10cm long, September/October in a cold frame. Takes 12 months[9].

Cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, early summer in a frame. Slow but sure.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Picea engelmannii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Likes abundant moisture at the roots, if grown in drier areas it must be given a deep moist soil[10]. Tolerates poor peaty soils[11]. Succeeds in wet cold and shallow soils but is not very wind-firm in shallow soils[12]. Prefers a pH between 4 to 6[11]. Dislikes shade[11]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[10]. Resists wind exposure to some degree[11]. Plants have a shallow root system and are easily wind-blown[13].

Often planted for its timber in N. Europe[14]. Trees are of moderate growth after a slow start, older trees often averaging over 40cm a year[15]. Trees grow better and faster in the north of Britain than in the south. This is not an easy tree to grow in Britain[12], it prefers a continental climate and, although the dormant tree is very cold hardy, the new growth in spring is very susceptible to damage by late frosts in this country[10]. Quite long-lived in its native range, with specimens 500 - 600 years old[3]. Seed production commences around the age of 20 - 25 years, with excellent crops every 2 - 6 years[3]. Closely related to P. glauca, this species also hybridizes with P sitchensis in the south of its range[16]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[11]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[11]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[11]. In some upland areas, especially over granitic or other base-poor soils, growth rate and health have been seriously affected by aluminium poisoning induced by acid rain[11]. The crushed foliage is often said to be foetid but after the first sniff the scent is sweet and like menthol or camphor[15].

Plants are susceptible to damage by the green spruce aphid[12].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Picea engelmannii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Picea engelmannii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Picea engelmannii
Genus
Picea
Family
Pinaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
20 x 6 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.86.9 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.611.711.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  13. ? Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. (1968-00-00)
  14. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
  16. ? Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  17. ? Hitchcock. C. L. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press (1955-00-00)

"image:Picea engelmannii 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Picea engelmannii"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPinaceae +
Belongs to genusPicea +
Has binomial namePicea engelmannii +
Has common nameMountain Spruce +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Inner bark +, Seed + and Unknown part +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imagePicea engelmannii 01.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry +, Charcoal +, Fibre +, Fuel +, Tannin + and Wood +
Has mature height20 +
Has mature width6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useCancer +, Pectoral +, Salve + and Skin +
Has primary imagePicea engelmannii 01.jpg +
Has search namepicea engelmannii + and mountain spruce +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePicea engelmannii +
Has water requirementshigh +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii +, Picea engelmannii + and Picea engelmannii +