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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots - cooked[1][2][3][4]. Somewhat acrid when raw[5], they are prepared for eating by boiling in one change of water, the water being changed after 8 - 10 minutes[6]. A distinctive taste and aroma[6]. The shoots are harvested in the spring when they are about 8cm above the ground, cutting them about 5cm below soil level.

Material uses

The canes make good plant supports. Thin walled but durable, the canes are also used for cabinet work and for decorative panels and inlays[7]. The rhizome is used in making umbrella handles, wickerwork, canes, musical instruments and various kinds of handicrafts[1][8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are antipyretic and diuretic[9]. They are used internally in the treatment of fevers (especially infantile convulsions), vomiting and nosebleeds[10][11]. The leave are harvested during the growing season and dried for later use[11].

The juice of the stems is antipyretic, antitussive, expectorant and sedative[12][10][9]. It is taken internally in the treatment of lung infections with cough and phlegm[11]. The sap is pressed from young stems in the summer and then dried for later use[11]. The epidermis of the stem bark is antiemetic and sedative[12][10][9]. It is used internally in the treatment of vomiting, nosebleeds, coughs etc[11]. The epidermis is collected from young stems in the summer and is dried for later use[11].

The root is astringent, antipyretic, depurative, diuretic and styptic[12][10][9]. It has been used in the treatment of rabies[12][11]. A decoction is also used in the treatment of high fevers and nocturnal fretfulness in infants[12]. The roots are harvested in the winter and dried for later use[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Seed is rarely available.

Division in spring as new growth commences. Divisions from the open ground do not transplant well, so will need careful treatment and nurturing under cover in pots until at least late spring[11]. Division is best carried out in wet weather and small divisions will establish better than large clumps[11]. Another report says that you can take large divisions from established clumps and transfer them straight to their permanent positions, misting or drenching them frequently until they are established[13].

Basal cane cuttings in spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Phyllostachys nigra henonis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a rich damp soil in a sheltered position[13] and plenty of moisture in the growing season[14].

A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -7°c, but it dislikes prolonged exposure to hard frosts[13]. Another report says that it tolerates temperatures down to about -20°c[7]. A very ornamental plant[14], this is the form of P. nigra that is most commonly met in the wild. It is believed that this form is the true wild form and that the species is in fact a garden cultivar. However, since that form was the first to be named botanical etiquette demands that this form is treated taxonomically as a cultivar[7]. It is this form 'Henonis' that is used medicinally in China[10]. Plants only flower at intervals of many years. When they do come into flower most of the plants energies are directed into producing seed and consequently the plant is severely weakened. They sometimes die after flowering, but if left alone they will usually recover though they will look very poorly for a few years. If fed with artificial NPK fertilizers at this time the plants are more likely to die[15]. This is a good companion species to grow in a woodland because the plants are shallow rooted and do not compete with deep rooted trees[7]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[13]. The plant has a running rootstock, though not aggressively so in the cooler climate of Britain[13]. and it produces new shoots from May[1]. Dead stems can be removed at any time of the year[11]. It is also possible to thin the clumps in spring, leaving only the strongest stems and thus creating an open grove-like effect[11].

Cultivated for its edible young shoots in China[5]. This species has been widely planted for ornament in the Mediterranean and is becoming established[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Phyllostachys nigra henonis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Phyllostachys nigra henonis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Phyllostachys nigra henonis
Genus
Phyllostachys
Family
Gramineae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    6 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Lawson. Bamboos. Faber (1968-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Farrelly. D. The Book of Bamboo Sierra Club. ISBN 0-87156-825-X (1984-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.0011.0111.0211.0311.0411.0511.0611.0711.0811.0911.1011.1111.12 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.5 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 1. 1979 - 1980. Royal Horticultural Society (1979-00-00)
    16. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    17. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11


    Facts about "Phyllostachys nigra henonis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyGramineae +
    Belongs to genusPhyllostachys +
    Functions asHedge +
    Has binomial namePhyllostachys nigra henonis +
    Has common nameHa-Chiku +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partStem +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeWind +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry + and Plant support +
    Has mature height6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiemetic +, Depurative +, Diuretic +, Expectorant +, Febrifuge + and Sedative +
    Has search namephyllostachys nigra henonis + and ha-chiku +
    Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePhyllostachys nigra henonis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis +, Phyllostachys nigra henonis + and Phyllostachys nigra henonis +