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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked. An agreeable cooling taste[1][2][3][4], somewhat like an orange with a mixture of acid[5]. The ripe aromatic fruit is allowed to wrinkle and develop sweetness, it is then eaten raw, juiced, made into a syrup or used in sauces, cakes etc[6]. The fruit is about 5cm in diameter[7]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[6].

Fruit

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Passiflora edulis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The pulp of the fruit is stimulant and tonic[8].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. If sown in January and grown on fast it can flower and fruit in its first year[9]. The seed germinates in 1 - 12 months at 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. It you are intending to grow the plants outdoors, it is probably best to keep them in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Mulch the roots well in late autumn to protect them from the cold.

Cuttings of young shoots, 15cm with a heel, in spring[10]. Leaf bud cuttings in spring.

Cuttings of fully mature wood in early summer. Takes 3 months. High percentage[2].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Passiflora edulis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained soil with plenty of moisture in the growing season, otherwise it is not fussy[10][2].

Plants are not very frost tolerant and are best grown in a greenhouse[2]. However, the roots are somewhat hardier and can survive the winter outdoors in many areas of Britain if the soil is prevented from freezing[9]. If plants are cut down to the ground by frost they can regenerate from the base[7]. There is also the possibility of growing plants on rootstocks of P. caerulea which might make them hardier[7]. This species is often cultivated in warmer climes than Britain for its edible fruit, there are some named varieties[3][6]. The fruit can be freely produced in Britain in hot summers[11]. Roots of outdoor grown plants should be restricted to encourage fruiting[10]. Any pruning is best carried out in the spring[12]. If fruit is required it is best to hand pollinate, using pollen from a flower that has been open for 12 hours to pollinate a newly opened flower before midday[9][7]. The flowers open in sunny weather and do not open on dull cloudy days[12]. The flowers have the scent of heliotropes[13]. A climbing plant, attaching itself to other plants by means of tendrils that are produced at the leaf axils.

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Passiflora edulis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Passiflora edulis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Passiflora edulis
Genus
Passiflora
Family
Passifloraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
10
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    9 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    13. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

    "image:Flor de maracujá2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Passiflora edulis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPassifloraceae +
    Belongs to genusPassiflora +
    Has binomial namePassiflora edulis +
    Has common namePassion Flower +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone10 +
    Has imageFlor de maracujá2.jpg +
    Has mature height9 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useStimulant + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageFlor de maracujá2.jpg +
    Has search namepassiflora edulis + and passion flower +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePassiflora edulis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Passiflora edulis +, Passiflora edulis +, Passiflora edulis + and Passiflora edulis +