This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. The unripe fruits are cooked[4], whilst the ripe fruits are eaten raw or made into a refreshing drink[5]. The flavour is not very desirable[6]. The fruit is about 6cm long and 4cm wide, it is partly hollow and contains a small amount of pleasant acid-tasting pulp surrounding a large quantity of seeds[K]. The flowers can be made into a syrup.

Flowers

Fruit

Material uses

This plant can be used as a rootstock for some of the less hardy members of this genus, conferring on them an additional cold tolerance. Be careful that root suckers do not take over from the grafted plant[7].
There are no material uses listed for Passiflora caerulea.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Passiflora caerulea.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Rootstock

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. If sown in January and grown on fast it can flower and fruit in its first year[8]. The seed germinates in 1 - 12 months at 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. It you are intending to grow the plants outdoors, it is probably best to keep them in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Mulch the roots well in late autumn to protect them from the cold.

Cuttings of young shoots, 15cm with a heel, in spring[9]. Leaf bud cuttings in spring.

Cuttings of fully mature wood in early summer. Takes 3 months. High percentage[6].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Passiflora caerulea. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained soil with plenty of moisture in the growing season, otherwise it is not fussy[9][7]. Dislikes highly alkaline soils[10].

Hardy to about -15°c, if plants are cut down to the ground by frost they can regenerate from the base[7]. Very fast growing[11]. Roots of outdoor grown plants should be restricted to encourage fruiting[9]. Plants produce tendrils and climb by attaching these to other plants. The plant has a very long flowering period, from early summer to early autumn, though individual flowers only live for about 48 hours[12]. The flowers are open all night and start to close in the morning[13]. The flowers are delicately scented[12]. The cultivar 'Constance Elliot' is more fragrant[12]. If fruit is required, especially when the plant is grown indoors, it is best to hand pollinate using pollen from a flower that has been open for 12 hours to pollinate a newly opened flower before midday[8][7]. The flowers open in sunny weather and do not open on dull cloudy days[14]. Fruit is only formed after long hot summers in Britain[15]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[10]. Any pruning is best carried out in the spring[14].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Passiflora caerulea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Passiflora caerulea.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Passiflora caerulea
Genus
Passiflora
Family
Passifloraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    13. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    15. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)

    "image:Passion flower blooms.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.