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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2]. A juicy texture with a sweet to acidic flavour[3]. The average yield per plant is about 750g per year[3]. (This seems exceedingly low[K].) The fruit contains about 8.6% sugars, 2.9% protein, 1.4% ash. Vitamin C content is 12.2mg per 100ml of juice[3]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[4] and is carried in small bunches like grapes.

Fruit

Material uses

Plants can be allowed to sprawl on the ground, making a good ground cover when spaced about 3 metres apart each way[5]. They are very vigorous, however, and would soon swamp smaller plants[K].
There are no material uses listed for Parthenocissus himalayana.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Parthenocissus himalayana.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber or Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[4]. Stored seed requires stratifying for 6 weeks at 5°c and should be sown as early in the year as possible[4]. Germination is variable. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm taken at a node (ensure that it has at least 2 true buds), July/August in a frame[6]. Easy to root but they do not always survive the first winter[7]. Basal hardwood cuttings of current seasons growth, 10 - 12 cm long, autumn in a frame[4].

Layering[4].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Parthenocissus himalayana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained moisture retentive fertile soil and a sunny position[4]. Succeeds in semi-shade[5].

This species is not very hardy outdoors in Britain, it succeeds in the milder areas of the country where it is best grown on an east or west facing wall[4][8]. The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts. Fruits are only produced after a long hot summer[8]. The fruit of this species is very late ripening and the plant has potential in breeding programmes with Vitis vinifera, especially in the Himalayas, where this trait could be useful[3].

A climbing plant, supporting itself by means of adhesive tendrils[7][8]. A very good climber for walls but it can invade gutters[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Parthenocissus himalayana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Parthenocissus himalayana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Parthenocissus himalayana
Genus
Parthenocissus
Family
Vitaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Parmar. C. and Kaushal. M.K. Wild Fruits of the Sub-Himalayan Region. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi. (1982-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    9. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11
    10. ? Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-272" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.