The plant has numerous minutely barbed glochids (hairs) that are easily dislodged when the plant is touched and they then become stuck to the skin where they are difficult to see and remove. They can cause considerable discomfort
Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use
. Sweet and gelatinous
. Lean and insipid
. The unripe fruits can be added to soups etc, imparting an okra-like mucilaginous quality
. The fruit can hang on the plant all year round
. Be careful of the plants irritant hairs, see notes above. The fruits of O. macrorhiza are about 4cm in diameter and usually free of spines
The following notes are for O. compressa. They almost certainly also apply to this species[K].
Pads - cooked or raw. Watery and very mucilaginous.
Seed - briefly roasted then ground into a powder
. It is also used as a thickener
The following notes are for O. ficus indica. They almost certainly also apply to this species[K].
A gum is obtained from the stem. It is used as a masticatory or mixed with oil to make candles
. The juice of the boiled stem segments is very sticky. It is added to plaster, whitewash etc to make it adhere better to walls
There are no medicinal uses listed for Opuntia macrorhiza.
Seed - sow early spring in a very well-drained compost in a greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give the plants some protection from winter wet. Make sure you have some reserve plants in case those outdoors do not overwinter.
Cuttings of leaf pads at any time in the growing season. Remove a pad from the plant and then leave it in a dry sunny place for a couple of days to ensure that the base is thoroughly dry and has begun to callous. Pot up into a sandy compost. Very easy, rooting quickly.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Opuntia macrorhiza. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Requires a sandy or very well-drained soil
. Prefers a pH in the range 6 to 7.5
. Plants must be kept fairly dry in the winter but they like a reasonable supply of water in the growing season
. A position at the base of a south-facing wall or somewhere that can be protected from winter rain is best for this plant. Requires warmth and plenty of sun. Plants tolerate considerable neglect.
A fairly cold tolerant plant, it can succeed outdoors in a selected site in the milder areas of the country.
This species is closely related to O. compressa
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Opuntia macrorhiza. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Opuntia macrorhiza.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.11.21.22.214.171.124 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 2.02.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
? 3.03.13.2 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
? 4.04.1 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
? 5.05.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
? 6.06.16.26.3 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
? 7.07.17.27.3 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
? 8.08.1 Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber ()
? 9.09.1 Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-00072-2 (1975-00-00)
? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
? McGregor. R. L. & Barkley. T. M. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 070060295x (1986-00-00)
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