This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is densely armed with spikes and these spikes are irritant[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots - peeled and then cooked[2][3][4][5]. Only the very young shoots are used[6]. The roots can be chewed after peeling[4][5][7].

Leaves

Material uses

The berries can be mashed into a pulp and then rubbed onto the scalp to get rid of head lice[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Devil's club was widely employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who used it especially for its pain-relieving properties[8]. It is little, if at all, used in modern herbalism, though it probably merits further investigation.

The root bark and stems are analgesic, antirheumatic, antiphlogistic, appetizer, blood purifier, cathartic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, hypoglycaemic, ophthalmic, pectoral and tonic[6][9]. An infusion is used in the treatment of coughs and colds, bronchitis, tuberculosis, stomach problems etc[8]. A decoction is drunk in the treatment of rheumatism and is also applied externally as a wash on the affected joints[8]. A poultice of the bark has been used to relieve pain in various parts of the body[8]. A poultice of the bark has been applied to a nursing mother's breasts in order to stop an excessive flow of milk[8]. A decoction has been used as an eye wash in the treatment of cataracts and as a herbal steam bath for treating general body pains[8]. The burnt stems, mixed with oil, are applied as a salve on swellings[8]. An extract of the root bark lowers blood sugar levels and an infusion of the bark has been used in the treatment of diabetes[10]. The infusion also has a tonic effect on the blood and liver[10]. The inner bark is emetic in large doses and purgative (especially if taken with hot water)[8]. It is used in the treatment of coughs and colds, stomach and bowel cramps[8]. A poultice of the inner bark is used in the treatment of wounds, sores etc[8].

The berries have been rubbed on the scalp to combat lice and dandruff, and to make the hair shiny[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[1]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Division of suckers in the dormant season.

Root cuttings in a greenhouse in the winter[12].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Oplopanax horridus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a cool moist soil[13][1]. Prefers a position in light shade[14]. Prefers dense shade and is probably best if grown in moist woodland[15][13]. Tolerates maritime exposure[1]. (Rather a strange report for a plant that needs to be grown in dense shade[K]).

A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -15°c, but the young shoots in spring can be damaged by late frosts[13][1]. It is therefore best not grown in a frost pocket[14]. This species was until recently considered to have its range in N. America and Japan, but the Japanese form has now been separated off into its own species as O. japonicus[1]. A very ornamental plant, but it is densely armed with spikes[16]. It transplants easily and also tolerates pruning[1].

The leaves and stems are excessively spiny[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Oplopanax horridus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Oplopanax horridus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Oplopanax horridus
Genus
Oplopanax
Family
Araliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
2 x 2 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Coon. N. The Dictionary of Useful Plants. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-090-x (1975-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  8. ? 8.008.018.028.038.048.058.068.078.088.098.108.118.12 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Wrigley. J. W. and Fagg. M. Australian Native Plants. Collins. (Australia) ISBN 0-7322-0021-0 (1988-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Turner. N. J. Food Plants of Coastal First Peoples UBC Press. Vancouver. ISBN 0-7748-0533-1 (1995-00-00)
  12. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Hitchcock. C. L. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press (1955-00-00)

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-99" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Oplopanax horridus 6352.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.