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Uses

Toxic parts

Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[1]. Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Used as a vegetable[3]. No more details are given.

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Ophioglossum vulgatum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root and the leaves are antiseptic, detergent, emetic, haemostatic, styptic and vulnerary[4][5][6]. An ointment made from the plant is considered to be a good remedy for wounds and is also used in the treatment of skin ulcers[4][3]. The expressed juice of the leaves is drunk as a treatment for internal bleeding and bruising[4].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Spores - best sown as soon as they are ripe on the surface of a humus-rich sterilized soil. Keep the compost moist, preferably by putting a plastic bag over the pot. Pot on small clumps of plantlets as soon as they are large enough to handle and keep them in humid conditions until they are well established. Do not plant outside until the ferns are at least 2 years old. Division of underground rhizomes with care because the roots are brittle[1]

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ophioglossum vulgatum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a moist free-draining soil[7].

Plants are hardy to about -15°c[1]. The prothalli (a small plant formed when the spore germinates) of this species form a symbiotic relationship with a mycorrhizal fungus in much the same way as orchid seedlings[1]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[8]. Plants can be hard to establish, they can be naturalized in a meadow or cultivated in the border where they should be left undisturbed[1].

Unlike most species of ferns, the fronds of this species grow up straight and not curled inward, crozier fashion[4].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ophioglossum vulgatum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ophioglossum vulgatum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ophioglossum vulgatum
Genus
Ophioglossum
Family
Ophioglossaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ophioglossum vulgatum Saarland 02.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    7. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    8. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    9. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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