This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots - cooked[1][2]. Used as a potherb[3].

Roots - chewed for their liquorice-like flavour[3].

Flowers - raw. They are used as a decoration on salads[4].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Ononis spinosa.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The roots, leaves and flowers are antitussive, aperient, diuretic and lithontripic[4][5][6][7][8]. The root contains a fixed oil that is anti-diuretic and an essential oil that is diuretic. If the diuretic action is required then the root should be infused and not decocted or the essential oil will be evaporated[9]. An infusion is used in the treatment of dropsy, inflammation of the bladder and kidneys, rheumatism and chronic skin disorders[5]. The roots are used occasionally, they are harvested in the autumn, cut into slices and carefully dried for later use[5]. The young shoots are more commonly used, either fresh or dried[5]. They can be harvested throughout the summer[5]. A cough mixture is made from the bark[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Scarify or pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow the seed in the middle of spring in situ[10].

The seed can also be sown in a cold frame in the autumn. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring[10]. Division just before new growth begins in spring[10]. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer.

Cuttings, September in a cold frame[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ononis spinosa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained neutral to alkaline soil[10]. Succeeds in poor soils, the plant often becoming spiny in such a situation[12].

Similar to O. repens but this species is not rhizomatous[10]. Mature roots are very tough and the plant gained its common name of 'Rest Harrow' because ploughs and harrows would be unable to break through it (in the days before heavy machinery was used on the land!). The whole plant is pleasantly scented when bruised[13].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ononis spinosa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ononis spinosa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ononis spinosa
Genus
Ononis
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  13. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-187" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Illustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Ononis spinosa"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusOnonis +
Functions asNitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameOnonis spinosa +
Has common nameSpiny Rest Harrow +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Root +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageIllustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntitussive +, Aperient +, Diuretic + and Lithontripic +
Has primary imageIllustration Ononis spinosa0.jpg +
Has search nameononis spinosa + and spiny rest harrow +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameOnonis spinosa +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Ononis spinosa +, Ononis spinosa +, Ononis spinosa +, Ononis spinosa +, Ononis spinosa +, Ononis spinosa + and Ononis spinosa +