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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant are poisonous[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Nicotiana rustica.

Material uses

All parts of the plant contain nicotine, this has been extracted and used as an insecticide. The dried leaves can also be used, they remain effective for 6 months after drying[2]. The leaves have also been dried and then chewed as a stimulant or made into snuff for sniffing, or smoked. This species is more potent than N. tabacum (the species normally cultivated for cigarettes).

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

All parts of the plant contain nicotine which is a strong narcotic[3]. The leaves are antispasmodic, cathartic, emetic, narcotic and sedative[4][5]. They are used externally as a poultice and a wash in the treatment of rheumatic swelling, skin diseases and scorpion stings[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in a warm greenhouse about 10 weeks before the last expected spring frosts. The seed usually germinates in 10 - 20 days at 20°c. Keep the soil moist and pot up as soon as the plants are big enough to handle, planting them out after the last expected frosts.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Nicotiana rustica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained deep rich moist soil in a sunny position[6][1].

This plant was formerly cultivated for its use as an insecticide but it has now been largely replaced by N. tabacum[7][8][1].

Plants require more than 14 hours daylight per day in order to induce flowering[2].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Nicotiana rustica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Nicotiana rustica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Nicotiana rustica
Genus
Nicotiana
Family
Solanaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Emboden. W. Narcotic Plants Studio Vista ISBN 0-289-70864-8 (1979-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    6. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    7. ? Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    8. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

    "image:Nicotiana rustica 002.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Nicotiana rustica"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familySolanaceae +
    Belongs to genusNicotiana +
    Has binomial nameNicotiana rustica +
    Has common nameWild Tobacco +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeLepidoptera +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageNicotiana rustica 002.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useInsecticide +
    Has mature height1.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntispasmodic +, Emetic +, Narcotic + and Sedative +
    Has primary imageNicotiana rustica 002.JPG +
    Has search namenicotiana rustica + and wild tobacco +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameNicotiana rustica +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Nicotiana rustica +, Nicotiana rustica +, Nicotiana rustica +, Nicotiana rustica + and Nicotiana rustica +