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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked. They are used as a flavouring in salads and cooked foods[46, 105, 161, K] and also as a tea[1]. They have a pleasant lemon flavour[2].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

An essential oil in the leaves contains a phenol and a citral[3]. No more information is given, though the oil is likely to have medicinal activity and perhaps be suitable for perfumery etc[K]. The essential oil citronellal, used as an insect repellent and in perfumery, is obtained from this plant[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Monarda citriodora.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow mid to late spring in a cold frame. Germination usually takes place within 10 - 40 days at 20°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer.

The seed can also be sown in situ in late summer in areas where the winters are not too severe and will produce larger plants. Cuttings of soft basal shoots in spring. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.

Division in spring or autumn.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Monarda citriodora. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, succeeding in ordinary garden soil so long as it is not too dry[5]. Requires a moist soil and a sunny position[5][6]. Likes some shade. Prefers a sandy rather acidic soil[6].

This species is closely related to M. pectinata[7]. Said to be a perennial in some books and an annual in others, it has acted as an annual with us so far[K].

A good bee plant[6]. Subject to mildew in dry summers[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Monarda citriodora. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Monarda citriodora.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Monarda citriodora
Genus
Monarda
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    7. ? Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    8. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Monarda citriodora.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Monarda citriodora"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLabiatae +
    Belongs to genusMonarda +
    Has binomial nameMonarda citriodora +
    Has common nameLemon Bergamot +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Leaves +
    Has edible useCondiment +, Unknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Bees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has imageMonarda citriodora.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual + and Perennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential + and Repellent +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has primary imageMonarda citriodora.jpg +
    Has search namemonarda citriodora + and lemon bergamot +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameMonarda citriodora +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Monarda citriodora +, Monarda citriodora +, Monarda citriodora +, Monarda citriodora + and Monarda citriodora +