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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant are highly toxic[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Melanthium virginicum.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Melanthium virginicum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root has been used to kill internal parasites[1].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Unless the seed is stored in damp sand at around 4°c it has a short viability[2]. Where possible it is best to sow the seed in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[2]. Stored seed needs to be cold stratified but can be very slow to germinate. Germination can be erratic even for seed sown when it was fresh, it usually takes place within 3 - 12 months at 15°c but can be much longer[2]. Sow the seed thinly so that it can be grown on in the pot without disturbance for the first couple of years. Give an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure the plants do not become nutrient deficient. The plant produces just one seed leaf in its first year, this forms an over-wintering bulb. At the end of the second year's growth, pot up the over-wintering bulbs, placing one or two bulbs in each pot. Grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame for at least another couple of years before planting them out into their permanent positions. It takes up to 10 years for the plant to reach maturity[2].

Division in March/April or in October. Establish the plants in pots in a shaded frame before planting them out[2].

Root cuttings, 6mm long with a bud, rooted in a sandy soil in a cold frame[2].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Melanthium virginicum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep fertile moisture retentive humus-rich soil[2]. Succeeds in full sun if the soil does not dry out but prefers a position in semi-shade[2]. Dislikes dry soils[3]. Grows best in a cool woodland garden or a north facing border[3]. Succeeds in acid soils in a bog garden[2].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Melanthium virginicum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Melanthium virginicum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Melanthium virginicum
Genus
Melanthium
Family
Melanthiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.82.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    4. ? McGregor. R. L. & Barkley. T. M. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 070060295x (1986-00-00)