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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The leaves are used as a seasoning[1]. Bitter and pungent, they are sometimes used to flavour herb beer or liqueurs[2][3]. Horehound ale is a fairly well-known drink made from the leaves[2][4]. A mild pleasantly flavoured tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves[3], it is a favourite cough remedy[2][5].

Unknown part

Material uses

An essential oil is obtained from the plant and used as a flavouring in liqueurs[5].

The plant has been used as a cure for cankerworm in trees[4]. No more details are given but it is probably a strong infusion of the flowering shoots, or the essential oil, that is used[K].

The growing plant repels flies[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

White horehound is a well-known and popular herbal medicine that is often used as a domestic remedy for coughs, colds, wheeziness etc[2][7]. The herb apparently causes the secretion of a more fluid mucous, readily cleared by coughing[7].

The leaves and young flowering stems are antiseptic, antispasmodic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, strongly expectorant, hepatic, stimulant and tonic[2][8][9][10][11][4]. Horehound is a very valuable pectoral, expectorant and tonic that can be safely used by children as well as adults[2]. It is often made into a syrup or candy in order to disguise its very bitter flavour, though it can also be taken as a tea[2]. As a bitter tonic, it increases the appetite and supports the function of the stomach[7]. It can also act to normalize heart rhythm[7]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and can be used fresh or dried[4].

The root is a remedy for the bite of rattlesnakes, it is used in equal portions with Plantago lanceolata or P. major[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow April/May or August/September in a cold frame. Germination can be slow and erratic[13]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the following spring[K].

Basal cuttings in late spring. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.

Division in spring[14]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Marrubium vulgare. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

White horehound is an easily grown plant that succeeds in most well-drained soils[13], though it flourishes best in a poor dry soil[14][2]. Another report says that the plant flourishes best where there is plenty of nitrogen in the soil[15]. It prefers neutral to alkaline soil conditions[4] and requires a warm sunny position if it is to do well[16].

Often grown in the herb garden and sometimes cultivated commercially as a medicinal herb[2][17]. If the plant is cut back after flowering it will normally produce a second crop of leaves[4]. The fresh leaves have a pronounced musky smell, though this is lost once the plant is dried[18]. A good bee plant[14].

White horehound is a good companion plant for growing near tomatoes[19]. The tomatoes crop for a longer period and also produce a heavier crop[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Marrubium vulgare. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Marrubium vulgare.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Marrubium vulgare
Genus
Marrubium
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    2. ? 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.10 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    12. ? 12.012.1 Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
    16. ? Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
    17. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    18. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    19. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
    20. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

    "image:Marrubium vulgare7.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Marrubium vulgare"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLabiatae +
    Belongs to genusMarrubium +
    Has binomial nameMarrubium vulgare +
    Has common nameWhite Horehound +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +
    Has edible useCondiment + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone3 +
    Has imageMarrubium vulgare7.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential + and Repellent +
    Has mature height0.5 +
    Has mature width0.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntidote +, Antiseptic +, Antispasmodic +, Cholagogue +, Diaphoretic +, Digestive +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Expectorant +, Hepatic +, Stimulant + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageMarrubium vulgare7.jpg +
    Has search namemarrubium vulgare + and white horehound +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameMarrubium vulgare +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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