Root - raw or cooked. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails
A black dye is obtained from the plant
. It is said to give a permanent colour and was also used by gypsies in order to darken the skin
The fresh or dried flowering herb is astringent and sedative
. It inhibits iodine conversion in the thyroid gland and is used in the treatment of hyperthyroidism and related disorders
The whole plant is used as an astringent, hypoglycaemic, mild narcotic and mild sedative
. It also slows and strengthens heart contractions
. The plant has been shown to be of value in the treatment of hyperthyroidism
, it is also used in the treatment of coughs, bleeding from the lungs and consumption, excessive menstruation etc
. The leaves are applied as a poultice to cleanse foul wounds
. This remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women or patients with hypothyroidism
. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be use fresh or dried, in an infusion or as a tincture
Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame
. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer.
Division in spring or autumn
. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lycopus europaeus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Tolerates most soil types so long as they are wet. Grows well in shallow water. Succeeds in sun or shade.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Lycopus europaeus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Lycopus europaeus.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
? 2.02.12.22.188.8.131.52.7 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
? 3.03.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
? 4.04.14.2 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
? 5.05.15.25.184.108.40.206.75.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
? 6.06.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
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