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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Root - raw or cooked. A famine food, it is only used when all else fails[1].

Material uses

A black dye is obtained from the plant[2][3]. It is said to give a permanent colour and was also used by gypsies in order to darken the skin[2].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fresh or dried flowering herb is astringent and sedative[2]. It inhibits iodine conversion in the thyroid gland and is used in the treatment of hyperthyroidism and related disorders[4]. The whole plant is used as an astringent, hypoglycaemic, mild narcotic and mild sedative[2][5]. It also slows and strengthens heart contractions[5]. The plant has been shown to be of value in the treatment of hyperthyroidism[4][5], it is also used in the treatment of coughs, bleeding from the lungs and consumption, excessive menstruation etc[2][5]. The leaves are applied as a poultice to cleanse foul wounds[6]. This remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women or patients with hypothyroidism[5]. The plant is harvested as flowering begins and can be use fresh or dried, in an infusion or as a tincture[2][5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[5]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. Division in spring or autumn[5]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lycopus europaeus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Tolerates most soil types so long as they are wet. Grows well in shallow water. Succeeds in sun or shade.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lycopus europaeus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lycopus europaeus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lycopus europaeus
Genus
Lycopus
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
aquatic
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Illustration Lycopus europaeus0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Lycopus europaeus0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    7. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    8. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

    "image:Illustration Lycopus europaeus0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Lycopus europaeus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLabiatae +
    Belongs to genusLycopus +
    Has binomial nameLycopus europaeus +
    Has common nameGypsywort +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Flies +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageIllustration Lycopus europaeus0.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent +, Miscellany +, Poultice + and Sedative +
    Has primary imageIllustration Lycopus europaeus0.jpg +
    Has search namelycopus europaeus + and gypsywort +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameLycopus europaeus +
    Has water requirementsaquatic +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Lycopus europaeus +, Lycopus europaeus +, Lycopus europaeus +, Lycopus europaeus +, Lycopus europaeus + and Lycopus europaeus +