Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked. A pungent flavour, they are used as a mustard substitute[1]. The pungency of mustard develops when cold water is added to the ground-up seed - an enzyme (myrosin) acts on a glycoside (sinigrin) to produce a sulphur compound. The reaction takes 10 - 15 minutes. Mixing with hot water or vinegar, or adding salt, inhibits the enzyme and produces a mild bitter mustard[2].

Unripe raw seed add a mustard-like flavours in salads.

Root - raw[3][4][5]. Used before the plant produces flowers[6][1].

Unknown part

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lunaria annua.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Lunaria annua.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring (or early autumn in mild climate) in situ[7]. The plant will often self-sow. Germinates in 1 - 3 weeks. Seeds viable 4 years+.

Seed

Cultivation

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[8]. Prefers a light soil[9]. Prefers partial shade but also succeeds in full sun[10]. Established plants tolerate drought[11].

Plants are hardy to about -15°c[7]. A good bee and butterfly plant[12]. Often grown in the flower garden[8], it is occasionally cultivated for its root[4].

Plants are fast-growing and usually self-sow freely[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lunaria annua. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lunaria annua.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lunaria annua
Genus
Lunaria
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Nutritionally poor soil
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
0.6 x 0.25
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  9. ? International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (32202/01/01)
  11. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (32202/01/01)
  12. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (32202/01/01)
  13. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-17



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Facts about "Lunaria annua"RDF feed
Article is incompleteNo +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupNo +
Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
Belongs to genusLunaria +
Has binomial nameLunaria annua +
Has common nameHonesty + and Money Plant +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +, Root + and Seed +
Has edible useCondiment + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceNutritionally poor soil + and Drought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has image28Kwiecien 06.JPG +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual + and Biennial +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has mature width0.25 +
Has primary image28Kwiecien 06.JPG +
Has search namelunaria annua +, honesty + and money plant +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameLunaria annua +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is grown fromSeed +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilYes +
Tolerates windNo +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Lunaria annua +, Lunaria annua + and Lunaria annua +