Seed - cooked. Used as a cereal
. The seed has a nutritional value similar to oats (Avena sativa) and contain gluten
. An emergency food, it is only used when all else fails
. The seed is rather small and fiddly to use[K]. Yields of 1 tonne per hectare have been achieved, though around 500kg is a more common yield
The plant has the potential to be used as a source of biomass. Yields of up to 25 tonnes per hectare have been reported from Europe. In the absence of definitive yield information an average yield of 17.5 tonnes of dry matter per hectare per year and an energy content of 17.5 GJ per metric tonne are assumed
The plant has occasionally been used in the treatment of cancer, diarrhoea, haemorrhages and malaria
Seed - sow in situ in the spring. It is also possible to sow the seed in situ in the autumn in most parts of Britain. This will give larger plants and heavier yields.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lolium perenne. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Adapted to mild, humid temperate climates, this species grows best on rather heavy, rich, moist soils, but also does well on well-manured lighter soils with sufficient moisture
. It dislikes shade and requires a well-drained soil
. It prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, though it can tolerate a range from 4.5 - 8.2
. Plants are moderately drought resistant, they tolerate atmspheric pollution and salt in the soil, and can also succeed when planted on minespoil
. They prefer an annual precipitation in the range of 21 - 176cm
Many cultivars have been developed by selection of individual plants, clones and families for specific purposes, such as for lawns, pastures and hay.
A fast growing plant, it combines particularly well with white clover (Trifolium repens)
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Lolium perenne. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Lolium perenne.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.11.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
? 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.102.112.12 Duke. J. Handbook of Energy Crops - (1983-00-00)
? 3.03.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
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