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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked. Used as a cereal[1]. The seed has a nutritional value similar to oats (Avena sativa) and contain gluten[2]. An emergency food, it is only used when all else fails[1]. The seed is rather small and fiddly to use[K]. Yields of 1 tonne per hectare have been achieved, though around 500kg is a more common yield[2].

Material uses

The plant has the potential to be used as a source of biomass. Yields of up to 25 tonnes per hectare have been reported from Europe. In the absence of definitive yield information an average yield of 17.5 tonnes of dry matter per hectare per year and an energy content of 17.5 GJ per metric tonne are assumed[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The plant has occasionally been used in the treatment of cancer, diarrhoea, haemorrhages and malaria[2].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in the spring. It is also possible to sow the seed in situ in the autumn in most parts of Britain. This will give larger plants and heavier yields.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lolium perenne. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Adapted to mild, humid temperate climates, this species grows best on rather heavy, rich, moist soils, but also does well on well-manured lighter soils with sufficient moisture[2]. It dislikes shade and requires a well-drained soil[3]. It prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, though it can tolerate a range from 4.5 - 8.2[2]. Plants are moderately drought resistant, they tolerate atmspheric pollution and salt in the soil, and can also succeed when planted on minespoil[2]. They prefer an annual precipitation in the range of 21 - 176cm[2].

Many cultivars have been developed by selection of individual plants, clones and families for specific purposes, such as for lawns, pastures and hay[2].

A fast growing plant, it combines particularly well with white clover (Trifolium repens)[2].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lolium perenne. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lolium perenne.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lolium perenne
Genus
Lolium
Family
Gramineae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
1 x meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Illustration Lolium perenne0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.102.112.12 Duke. J. Handbook of Energy Crops - (1983-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  4. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)

"image:Illustration Lolium perenne0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Lolium perenne"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyGramineae +
Belongs to genusLolium +
Has binomial nameLolium perenne +
Has common namePerennial Ryegrass +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partSeed +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageIllustration Lolium perenne0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBiomass +
Has mature height1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent + and Cancer +
Has primary imageIllustration Lolium perenne0.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namelolium perenne + and perennial ryegrass +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameLolium perenne +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Lolium perenne +, Lolium perenne +, Lolium perenne + and Lolium perenne +