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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked[1][2][3][4]. The bulb is about 5cm in diameter[4]. Rich in starch, it can be used as a vegetable in similar ways to potatoes (Solanum tuberosum).

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lilium speciosum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulb is used medicinally[4]. No further information is given.
There are no medicinal uses listed for Lilium speciosum.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - delayed hypogeal germination[5]. Best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in spring[6]. Stored seed will require a warm/cold/warm cycle of stratification, each period being about 2 months long[3]. Grow on in cool shady conditions. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K].

Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[7].

Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[7].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lilium speciosum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun[7]. Dislikes lime[8]. Prefers a light sandy loam with plenty of leafmold[9]. Best grown in open woodland or amongst dwarf evergreens[10]. Prefers a sunny position[8][6].

The dormant bulbs are fairly hardy and will withstand soil temperatures down to at least -5°c[11]. Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted 25 - 30cm deep[6]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[7]. A very ornamental plant[10] it is easily grown[3] but requires a long growing season if it is to do well[7]. The flowers diffuse a powerful sweet honey perfume[12]. Cultivated for its edible bulb in Japan[1]. The sub-species L. speciosum rubrum. Mast. ex Bak. is said to be inedible whilst L. speciosum album. Mast. ex Bak. is said to be acceptable for eating[3]. The variety 'Magnificum' is said to be the best form for growing outdoors in Britain[12]. Plants take 4 years to flower from seed[6].

The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lilium speciosum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lilium speciosum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lilium speciosum
Genus
Lilium
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
    5. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society (1982-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Woodcock. and Coutts. Lilies - Their Culture and Management. Country Life (1935-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    9. ? Fox. D. Growing Lilies. Croom Helm (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    13. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-58

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