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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked[1][2][3]. It is often dried for later use[4]. Rich in starch, it can be used as a vegetable in similar ways to potatoes (Solanum tuberosum).

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lilium martagon.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulb is diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant[5]. They are used to relieve heart diseases, pain in the cardiac region and angina pectoris[5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - delayed hypogeal germination[6]. Best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in spring[7]. Stored seed will require a warm/cold/warm cycle of stratification, each period being about 2 months long[8]. Grow on in cool shady conditions. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K].

Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[9].

Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lilium martagon. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in ordinary well-drained garden soil[10][11]. Prefers a good leafy soil in sun or semi-shade[12]. Prefers its roots to be in the shade[13]. Prefers a calcareous soil according to some reports[10][14][15][12], whilst one says that it is probably best in an acid or neutral soil[16].

A very ornamental[10] and polymorphic plant[7]. It takes 7 - 8 years to flower from seed[7]. The flowers have an unpleasant odour[7]. The flowers are sweetly fragrant, especially at night in order to attract the night hawk-moth for pollination[17]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[9].

The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lilium martagon. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lilium martagon.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lilium martagon
Genus
Lilium
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    6. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society (1982-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Woodcock. and Coutts. Lilies - Their Culture and Management. Country Life (1935-00-00)
    8. ? RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    13. ? Knight. F. P. Plants for Shade. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0-900629-78-9 (1980-00-00)
    14. ? Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    15. ? Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
    16. ? Fox. D. Growing Lilies. Croom Helm (1985-00-00)
    17. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

    "image:Plätzwiese Blume.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Lilium martagon"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLiliaceae +
    Belongs to genusLilium +
    Has binomial nameLilium martagon +
    Has common nameTurk's Cap Lily +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Lepidoptera + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imagePlätzwiese Blume.jpg +
    Has mature height1.2 +
    Has mature width0.25 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useCardiac +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Emollient + and Expectorant +
    Has primary imagePlätzwiese Blume.jpg +
    Has search namelilium martagon + and turk's cap lily +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameLilium martagon +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Lilium martagon +, Lilium martagon +, Lilium martagon +, Lilium martagon +, Lilium martagon + and Lilium martagon +