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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked[1][2]. Sweet and mucilaginous with a mild flavour that makes them acceptable to people who have never tried them before[3][4]. The bulbs are used as a vegetable, and can also be boiled, sweetened, powdered and used in dumplings[4]. Large, they can be up to 17cm in diameter[5][6].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lilium auratum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Lilium auratum.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - delayed hypogeal germination[7]. Best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in spring[6]. Stored seed will require a warm/cold/warm cycle of stratification, each period being about 2 months long[8]. Grow on in cool shady conditions. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K].

Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[9]. Root bulbils - dig up in autumn and pot up in a cold frame for the first year[8].

Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lilium auratum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained lime-free peaty soil in a warm position with its roots in the shade[10][11][12][13][9]. Enjoys abundant moisture so long as the soil is very well drained[12]. Prefers an open woodland position or growing amongst dwarf evergreens[10]. The plant deteriorates rapidly if grown in much shade[6]. Fertilizers, rich soils and lime are fatal to this plant[6].

Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted about 25 - 30 cm deep[6][9]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[9]. A very ornamental plant[10], but short-lived in cultivation[9]. It grows better in warmer climates than Britain[13]. The variety 'Platyphyllum' has larger flowers than the type and is more amenable to adverse conditions[14]. The flowers have a penetrating spicy aroma[14]. Cultivated for its edible bulb in Japan[3][8].

The plant should be protected against slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lilium auratum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lilium auratum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lilium auratum
Genus
Lilium
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Woodcock. and Coutts. Lilies - Their Culture and Management. Country Life (1935-00-00)
    7. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society (1982-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Knight. F. P. Plants for Shade. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0-900629-78-9 (1980-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Fox. D. Growing Lilies. Croom Helm (1985-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    15. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)

    "image:Lilium auratum1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.