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Uses

Toxic parts

The whole plant is poisonous and can produce abortions[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Juniperus sabina.

Material uses

Leaves are used as an insect repellent, a decoction of them is used against lice[2][3].

An essential oil from the leaves and shoots has strong diuretic properties and is also used in perfumery[4][3]. Yields of around 4% are obtained, this oil is also used as an insecticide[5]. A good dense ground cover plant, though it is slow to cover the ground[6]. The species type eventually forms a high ground cover, but there are many named forms that are lower-growing[7]. The sub-species J. sabina tamariscifolia has been particularly recommended[8]. Plants should be spaced about 1.2 metres apart each way[7].

The taller forms of this species make a good hedge[9].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The young shoots are abortifacient, diuretic, emetic, powerfully emmenagogue and irritant[1][5]. The plant is rarely used internally but is useful as an ointment and dressing to blisters etc in order to promote discharge[1]. The powdered leaves are also used in the treatment of warts[4][1][5][10]. The shoots are harvested in spring and dried for later use[1]. Use with great caution and never during pregnancy[1][10], see notes above on toxicity.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[11][12]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[13]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[4].

Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[4][11].

Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juniperus sabina. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[4][13]. Prefers a limestone soil[4]. Succeeds in poor soils and in light shade[6]. Established plants are drought tolerant, succeeding in hot dry positions[14]. Tolerates maritime exposure[14].

A very ornamental plant[4], there are many named varieties[8]. All parts of the plant have a powerful pungent smell[9]. Plants can be dioecious or monoecious. Male and female plants must be grown if fruit and seed are required.

The plant is sometimes attacked by a rust, this is a fungus with an aecidial stage on the leaves of pear trees[4]. Plants are resistant to honey fungus[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Juniperus sabina. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Juniperus sabina.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Juniperus sabina
Genus
Juniperus
Family
Cupressaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
4 x 4 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Juniperus sabina.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Juniperus sabina.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Juniperus sabina.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Juniperus sabina.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.84.9 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. Cassells. ISBN 0-304-31089-1 (1989-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  12. ? Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
  16. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

"image:Juniperus sabina.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Juniperus sabina"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCupressaceae +
Belongs to genusJuniperus +
Functions asGround cover + and Hedge +
Has common nameSavine +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageJuniperus sabina.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential +, Insecticide +, Parasiticide + and Repellent +
Has mature height4 +
Has mature width4 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAbortifacient +, Diuretic +, Emetic +, Emmenagogue +, Irritant + and Warts +
Has primary imageJuniperus sabina.jpg +
Has search namejuniperus sabina + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameJuniperus sabina +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +