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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked. Soft, juicy and pulpy[1][2][3], but with a thin flesh[4]. It can be dried and ground into a powder and then be baked[4][5], or can be used as a seasoning in stews etc[6][7]. The fruits were only used when other foods were in short supply[7]. The cones are about 5 - 8mm in diameter and ripen in their first year[8].

Inner bark - raw or cooked[7]. It was chewed in times of food shortage for the little nourishment it supplied[7].

The gum is chewed as a delicacy[6][7]. No further details are given.

Fruit

Unknown part

Gum

Material uses

Thin strips of the fibrous bark are used for making sleeping mats etc[4][5]. It has also been used as a lining in shoes to absorb moisture and to keep the feet warmer[7]. When rubbed fine, the bark can be used to make children's clothing[7].

The bark is employed as a tinder and is also made into a slow match or can be shredded, bound into bundles and used as a torch to give light in the house[9][7]. The crushed bark was twisted into a rope, tied at intervals with yucca (Yucca species), and wrapped into a coil. The free end was set on fire and kept smouldering by blowing on it at intervals. Fire could be carried in this fashion for several hours[7]. The dried seeds have been used as beads or as the 'rattle' in rattles[9][7]. A green dye is obtained from the bark and berries[10][7]. A yellow dye is obtained from the whole plant[7]. Ashes from the whole plant have been used as a mordant to fix the colour of dyes[7].

Wood - moderately hard, somewhat heavy, slightly fragrant. When seasoned properly it is very durable and is used mainly for fencing and fuel[4][5][10]. As a fuel it burns steadily and evenly[7].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

One-seed juniper was commonly employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes, who used it to treat a variety of complaints[7]. It is little, if at all, used in modern herbalism.

The leaves are febrifuge, laxative and pectoral[9]. An infusion is used in the treatment of stomach complaints, constipation, coughs and colds[9]. An infusion was also used by pregnant women prior to childbirth in order to relax the muscles[7]. A poultice of the heated twigs can be bound over a bruise or sprain in order to reduce the swelling[7]. An infusion of the staminate cones has been used as a stomach tonic and in the treatment of dysentery[7]. The chewed bark has been applied externally to help heal spider bites[7]. It is also highly prized as a dressing on burns[7]. The fruits are strongly diuretic[7].

A gum from the plant has been used as a temporary filling in a decayed tooth[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[11][1]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[12]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[13].

Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[13][11].

Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juniperus monosperma. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in dry soils. Succeeds in most soils, including chalk, if they are well drained[13][12][8], preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[12].

Trees are fairly fast growing for a Juniper, and are also long-lived in their native habitats[5]. They grow better in dry areas with hot summers, western Britain is generally to cool and wet for this species to thrive[8]. Plants are resistant to honey fungus[14]. This species is closely related to J. occidentalis[12]. The seed matures in 1 year[8]. Some fruit is produced most years, but heavy crops only occur every 2 - 3 years[10].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Juniperus monosperma. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Juniperus monosperma.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Juniperus monosperma
Genus
Juniperus
Family
Cupressaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Juniperus monosperma UGA.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Juniperus monosperma UGA.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Juniperus monosperma UGA.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Juniperus monosperma UGA.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  7. ? 7.007.017.027.037.047.057.067.077.087.097.107.117.127.137.147.157.167.177.187.197.207.217.227.237.24 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Whiting. A. F. Ethnobotany of the Hopi North Arizona Society of Science and Art (1939-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  14. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)

"image:Juniperus monosperma UGA.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Juniperus monosperma"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCupressaceae +
Belongs to genusJuniperus +
Has common nameOne-Seed Juniper +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Gum +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone4 +
Has imageJuniperus monosperma UGA.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBeads +, Dye +, Fibre +, Fuel +, Lighting +, Mordant +, Tinder + and Wood +
Has mature height18 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiphlogistic +, Birthing aid +, Diuretic +, Febrifuge +, Laxative +, Odontalgic +, Pectoral +, Poultice + and Stomachic +
Has primary imageJuniperus monosperma UGA.jpg +
Has search namejuniperus monosperma + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameJuniperus monosperma +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +