Fruit - raw or cooked. A thick, sweet, dry, fibrous and non-resinous flesh
. It can also be dried and ground into a powder then used as a flavouring in various dishes or eaten as a mush
. The fruit is produced abundantly in the wild, though it is unlikely to be freely produced in Britain[K]. The cones are about 10 - 20mm in diameter
Wood - soft, close grained, durable in contact with the soil. It is used for fencing and fuel
The scorched twigs have been rubbed on the body in the treatment of fits
The leaves are analgesic, diaphoretic and hypotensive
. An infusion has been used in the treatment of high blood pressure, coughs and colds and to bring relief from a hangover (the bark was also used in this case)
. It has also been taken by pregnant women just prior to childbirth in order to relax the muscles
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration
. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process
. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years
Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn.
Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juniperus californica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil
. Established plants are drought tolerant, succeeding in hot dry positions
A slow-growing and generally long-lived tree, all introductions to Britain up to now (1990) have proved tender, this plant is only really suitable for hot dry climates. Grows better in dry areas with hot summers, W. Britain is generally to cool and wet for this species to thrive.
The seed takes two summers to ripen.
Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Juniperus californica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Juniperus californica.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
? 2.02.12.22.3 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
? 3.03.1 The Herb Society Herbal Review. Vol.11. 3. The Herb Society ISBN 0264-9853 (1986-00-00)
? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
? 6.06.16.26.188.8.131.52 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 8.08.18.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
? 9.09.1 Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
? 10.010.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
? 11.011.111.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
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