This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked. A thick, sweet, dry, fibrous and non-resinous flesh[1][2]. It can also be dried and ground into a powder then used as a flavouring in various dishes or eaten as a mush[3][4][1][5][6]. The fruit is produced abundantly in the wild, though it is unlikely to be freely produced in Britain[K]. The cones are about 10 - 20mm in diameter[7].

Fruit

Material uses

Wood - soft, close grained, durable in contact with the soil. It is used for fencing and fuel[1].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The scorched twigs have been rubbed on the body in the treatment of fits[6]. The leaves are analgesic, diaphoretic and hypotensive[6]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of high blood pressure, coughs and colds and to bring relief from a hangover (the bark was also used in this case)[6]. It has also been taken by pregnant women just prior to childbirth in order to relax the muscles[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[8][9]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[10]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[11].

Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[11][8].

Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juniperus californica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[11][10][7]. Established plants are drought tolerant, succeeding in hot dry positions[7].

A slow-growing and generally long-lived tree[2], all introductions to Britain up to now (1990) have proved tender, this plant is only really suitable for hot dry climates[9]. Grows better in dry areas with hot summers, W. Britain is generally to cool and wet for this species to thrive[7]. The seed takes two summers to ripen[2].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Juniperus californica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Juniperus californica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Juniperus californica
Genus
Juniperus
Family
Cupressaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 The Herb Society Herbal Review. Vol.11. 3. The Herb Society ISBN 0264-9853 (1986-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.6 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)

"image:California juniper.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Juniperus californica"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCupressaceae +
Belongs to genusJuniperus +
Has binomial nameJuniperus californica +
Has common nameCalifornian Juniper +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageCalifornia juniper.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFuel + and Wood +
Has mature height12 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Antispasmodic +, Birthing aid +, Diaphoretic + and Hypotensive +
Has primary imageCalifornia juniper.jpg +
Has search namejuniperus californica + and californian juniper +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameJuniperus californica +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Juniperus californica +, Juniperus californica +, Juniperus californica +, Juniperus californica +, Juniperus californica +, Juniperus californica +, Juniperus californica + and Juniperus californica +