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Uses

Toxic parts

Large quantities of the leaves are said to be hallucinogenic. Blanching the leaves removes this hallucinatory component[1]. (This report does not make clear what it means by blanching, it could be excluding light from the growing shoots or immersing in boiling water[K].)

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - cooked[1]. They must be consumed when very young or else they become fibrous[K].

Flowers and flower buds - raw or cooked[2][3]. The flowers can be dried and used as a thickener in soups etc. The slender trumpets vary from 12 - 17cm long[1]. There can be from 7 to 65 buds on a flowering stem[1]. The flower buds contain about 43mg vitamin C per 100g, 983 IU vitamin A and 3.1% protein[1].

Root - raw or cooked[1]. The flavour is somewhat radish-like but not so sharp[1].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

The tough dried foliage is plaited into cord and used for making footwear[1].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The juice of the roots is an effective antidote in cases of arsenic poisoning[1]. A tea made from the boiled roots is used as a diuretic[1].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in the middle of spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid and good. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring[K]. Division in spring or after flowering in late summer or autumn[4]. Division is very quick and easy, succeeding at almost any time of the year[K]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Hemerocallis citrina. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils[5], including dry ones, preferring a rich moist soil[4]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeding in sun or shade, it produces more flowers in a sunny position though these flowers can be shorter-lived in very sunny positions[1]. Succeeds in short grass if the soil is moist[5]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 7[4].

Plants are hardy to at least -20°c[6]. Widely cultivated in China for its edible flowers, especially in Hunan province[7]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[4]. This species is said to be self-incompatible[8][1]. Many of the plants in cultivation under this name are H. thunbergii[1]. The sub-species H. citrina vespertina (Hara.)Erhardt. is a very free-flowering form, producing up to 75 buds per scape and capable of flowering from July to October if the weather is suitable[1]. The plant forms a loose spreading clump[K]. The roots form pseudobulbs[1]. Plants take a year or two to become established after being moved[5]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[9]. The plants are very susceptible to slug and snail damage, the young growth in spring is especially at risk[4].

Individual flowers are very short-lived, they open in the late afternoon and die in the morning[4]. However, plants produce a succession of flowers for several weeks of the summer. The number of flowers on a scape varies from 7 to 65[1]. The flowers have a lemony scent[1]. Another report says that they have a pronounced honeysuckle scent[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Hemerocallis citrina. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Hemerocallis citrina.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Hemerocallis citrina
Genus
Hemerocallis
Family
Hemerocallidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



    "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.111.121.131.141.151.161.171.181.19 Erhardt. W. Hemerocallis. Day Lilies. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-7065-8 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    6. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
    8. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 7. 1985 - 1986. Royal Horticultural Society (1985-00-00)
    9. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

    "image:Hemerocallis citrina 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Hemerocallis citrina"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyHemerocallidaceae +
    Belongs to genusHemerocallis +
    Has binomial nameHemerocallis citrina +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Root +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Insects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imageHemerocallis citrina 2.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useWeaving +
    Has mature height0.75 +
    Has mature width0.75 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntidote + and Diuretic +
    Has primary imageHemerocallis citrina 2.jpg +
    Has search namehemerocallis citrina +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameHemerocallis citrina +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Hemerocallis citrina +, Hemerocallis citrina +, Hemerocallis citrina +, Hemerocallis citrina +, Hemerocallis citrina + and Hemerocallis citrina +