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Toxic parts

The raw mature seed is toxic and must be thoroughly cooked before being eaten[1]. The sprouted raw seed is sometimes eaten and is considered to be a wholesome food.

Edible uses


Mature seed - cooked[2][3]. Very rich in protein, the seeds can be eaten as they are in soups, stews etc[4], though they are very commonly used in the preparation of various meat substitutes[5][6]. The dried seed can be ground into a flour and added to cereal flours or used for making noodles etc[4]. The Japanese make a powder from the roasted and ground seed, it is called 'Kinako' and has a nutty flavour and fragrance - it is used in many popular confections[4]. The sprouted seed is eaten raw or added to cooked dishes. The toasted seeds can be eaten as a peanut-like snack[4]. The seed is also made into numerous fermented foods such as miso and tempeh[4] and is also used to make soya milk, used in place of cow's milk. The seed contains 20% oil and 30 - 45% protein[7].

The immature seed is cooked and used like peas or eaten raw in salads[8][4]. The strongly roasted and ground seeds are used as a coffee substitute[4]. The young seedpods are cooked and used like French beans[9][4]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed. It is cooked or used as a dressing in salads etc[5][4].

Young leaves - raw or cooked[10][4].

Unknown part



Material uses

The seed contains up to 20% of an edible semi-drying oil[11]. It is non-drying according to another report[12]. This oil has a very wide range of applications and is commonly used in the chemical industry[11][13]. It is used in making soap, plastics, paints etc[5][6][7].

Unknown part


Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fermented seed is weakly diaphoretic and stomachic[14]. It is used in the treatment of colds, fevers and headaches, insomnia, irritability and a stuffy sensation in the chest[14].

The bruised leaves are applied to snakebite[15]. The flowers are used in the treatment of blindness and opacity of the cornea[15]. The ashes of the stems are applied to granular haemorrhoids or fungus growths on the anus[15]. The immature seedpods are chewed to a pulp and applied to corneal and smallpox ulcers[15]. The seed is antidote[15]. It is considered to be specific for the healthy functioning of bowels, heart, kidney, liver and stomach[15]. The seed sprouts are constructive, laxative and resolvent[15]. They are used in the treatment of oedema, dysuria, chest fullness, decreased perspiration, the initial stages of flu and arthralgia[14].

A decoction of the bark is astringent[16].


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in early spring in a greenhouse. The seed should germinate within two weeks at a temperature between 12 - 16°c[13]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Seed can also be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in situ in late spring, though this will not yield well unless the summer is very hot.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Glycine soja. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Requires a rich soil and a sunny position[3][17]. Prefers a well-drained sandy soil[18]. Prefers a slightly acid soil[19][13]. Does not grow well in a wet climate[20].

This is the wild ancestor of the cultivated soya bean and is of potential value as a genetic resource, especially when trying to breed for increased yields.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[19]. Seed can be purchased that has been treated with this rhizobium, it is unnecessary on soils with a pH below 5.5 but can be helpful on other soils[13]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Glycine soja. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Glycine soja.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Glycine soja
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? Organ. J. Rare Vegetables for Garden and Table. Faber (1960-00-00)
    4. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (1975-00-00)
    6. ? Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    7. ? Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    11. ? Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
    13. ? Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    14. ? Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    15. ? Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    17. ? Simmons A. E. Simmons' Manual of Fruit. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7607-1 (1978-00-00)
    18. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    20. ? Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    21. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)

    Facts about "Glycine soja"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
    Belongs to genusGlycine +
    Functions asNitrogen fixer +
    Has binomial nameGlycine soja +
    Has common nameWild Soya Bean +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves +, Seed + and Seedpod +
    Has edible useCoffee +, Unknown use +, Milk + and Oil +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useOil +
    Has mature height0.6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntidote +, Astringent +, Diaphoretic +, Laxative +, Ophthalmic +, Resolvent + and Stomachic +
    Has search nameglycine soja + and wild soya bean +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameGlycine soja +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja +, Glycine soja + and Glycine soja +