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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant contains potentially toxic compounds[1].

Edible uses

Notes

The seed is roasted, dehusked, soaked until soft then boiled and eaten with sugar[2]. Young leaves - cooked. A famine food used when all else fails[3].

Leaves

Material uses

The pod is used as a soap substitute[4][5]. The seed is used[6].

Tannin is obtained from the seedpod[5].

Wood - strong, durable, coarse-grained[7]. Used for general construction[4][5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A decoction of the leaves is used for washing sores[8], including syphilitic skin diseases[9].

The stem bark is anthelmintic and febrifuge[8]. The fruit is antibacterial, antifungal, antitussive, astringent, emetic, expectorant, haemostatic and stimulant[9][10][6][8]. It is used in the treatment of bronchial asthma with sticky phlegm, epilepsy and apoplexy with loss of consciousness[10]. Overdosage can cause poisoning of the entire body, haemolysis of the blood[10]. The seed is emetic, expectorant, decongestant and purgative[11][8]. They have been used in the treatment of cancer of the rectum[8]. The root bark is anthelmintic and antifebrile[8]. The thorns on the plant are antipruritic[10]. They are used in the treatment of acute purulent inflammation, dermatopathies and tonsillitis[10]. They should not be used by pregnant women[10].

The plant has been used in the treatment of lockjaw, stroke, acute numbness of the throat and epilepsy, but the report does not make clear whether the seed or the thorns of the plant are used[11]

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in a greenhouse[12]. The seed should have swollen up, in which case it can be sown, if it has not swollen then soak it for another 24 hours in warm water. If this does not work then file away some of the seed coat but be careful not to damage the embryo[12]. Further soaking should then cause the seed to swell. One it has swollen, the seed should germinate within 2 - 4 weeks at 20°c. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual deep pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Give the plants some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Gleditsia sinensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a loamy soil, requiring a sunny position[13]. Succeeds in most soils[14]. Tolerates drought once established[15] and atmospheric pollution[14].

Rather tender when young, it grows best in S. Britain[13]. A tree at Cambridge Botanical Gardens was 13 metres tall in 1985[13]. Trees have a light canopy, they come into leaf late in the spring and drop their leaves in early autumn[14] making them an excellent top storey tree in a woodland garden. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[14].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Gleditsia sinensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Gleditsia sinensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Gleditsia sinensis
Genus
Gleditsia
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



"image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Gleditsia sinensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.6 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.6 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  12. ? 12.012.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.414.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  16. ? Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()

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Facts about "Gleditsia sinensis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusGleditsia +
Functions asNitrogen fixer +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partLeaves + and Seeds +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageGleditsia sinensis0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useSoap +, Tannin + and Wood +
Has mature height12 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Antibacterial +, Antifungal +, Antipruritic +, Antitussive +, Astringent +, Emetic +, Expectorant +, Febrifuge +, Haemostatic +, Laxative +, Skin +, Stimulant + and VD +
Has primary imageGleditsia sinensis0.jpg +
Has search namegleditsia sinensis + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameGleditsia sinensis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +