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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The seed has been suggested as a possible coffee substitute[1][2]. The flower buds are pickled and used as a substitute for capers[3][2]. Used as a vegetable[4].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

A very good quality yellow dye is obtained from the whole plant, but especially from the flowers and young shoots[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. It produces a very good quality green when mixed with woad (Isatis tinctoria)[7][13]. Alum, cream of tartar and sulphate of lime are used to fix the colour[5]. The stems can be dried and stored until the dye is required[11].

A fibre obtained from the stems is used for coarse cloth and cordage[5][11].

Plants can be used as a ground cover when spaced about 45cm apart each way[14]. The cultivar 'Flore Pleno' is always dwarf and is more reliable than the species[14].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The twigs, leaves and flowering stems are cathartic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, stimulant and vasoconstrictor[5][6][15][16]. The seeds are also sometimes used[5]. The plant is harvested in early summer as it comes into flower and can be dried for later use[6]. It should not be stored for more than 12 months since its active ingredients break down[13].

The powdered seeds act as a mild purgative and were at one time used to make a plaster for broken limbs[12]. A decoction of the whole plant has been used as a remedy for dropsy, rheumatism and gout[5][6][12].

A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh shoots[6]. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown autumn in a cold frame. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow February in a cold frame. Good germination[17]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10 cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Roots are formed in the spring[7].

Cuttings of ripe wood, 5 - 10 cm with a heel, September/October in a frame. Good percentage. Plant out the following autumn[17].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Genista tinctoria. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a light well-drained soil in a sunny position[18][7]. Prefers a rather dry soil, tolerating poor and sandy soils[13]. Prefers a lime-free soil[12]. Succeeds in acid or basic soils.

A very cold-tolerant plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -35°c[19]. Resents root disturbance and should only be transplanted whilst young[7][11]. Sometimes cultivated as a dye plant, it is usually treated as a biennial for this purpose, the whole plant being harvested in the second year[10]. Plants do not require pruning, but they can be cut back as required once they have finished flowering in order to maintain shape[13]. Polymorphic, a number of named forms have been developed for their ornamental value[20]. A good bee plant[21]. Rabbits love eating this plant[169, K]. Cows also eat the plant, but it taints their milk[5].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[19].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Genista tinctoria. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Genista tinctoria.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Genista tinctoria
Genus
Genista
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
2
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.8 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.7 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  9. ? 9.09.1 Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press ISBN 0-946284-51-2 (1985-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Carruthers. S. P. (Editor) Alternative Enterprises for Agriculture in the UK. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, Univ. of Reading ISBN 0704909820 (1986-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.5 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.5 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  18. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.119.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  20. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  21. ? Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
  22. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-17

"image:Genista tinctoria0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Genista tinctoria"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusGenista +
Functions asGround cover + and Nitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameGenista tinctoria +
Has common nameDyer's Greenweed +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Leaves +
Has edible useCoffee +, Condiment + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone2 +
Has imageGenista tinctoria0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye + and Fibre +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has mature width1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useCathartic +, Diaphoretic +, Diuretic +, Emetic +, Homeopathy +, Stimulant + and Vasoconstrictor +
Has primary imageGenista tinctoria0.jpg +
Has search namegenista tinctoria + and dyer's greenweed +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameGenista tinctoria +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria +, Genista tinctoria + and Genista tinctoria +