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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Genista hispanica.

Material uses

Plants can be grown as a low hedge[1]. A good ground cover for sunny positions[2]. Plants take about 2 years to form an effective cover[3]. They should be spaced about 60cm apart each way and can be pruned back hard if they become open or straggly with age[4].
There are no material uses listed for Genista hispanica.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The flowers have been used in the treatment of dropsy[5].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Hedge


Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown autumn in a cold frame. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow February in a cold frame. Good germination[6]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10 cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Roots are formed in the spring[7].

Cuttings of ripe wood, 5 - 10 cm with a heel, September/October in a frame. Good percentage. Plant out the following autumn[6].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Genista hispanica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a light well-drained soil in a sunny position[8]. Prefers a rather dry stony or sandy soil and does better in one on the poor side[7]. Established plants are drought tolerant[2].

Plants are hardy to about -20°c[9]. Resents root disturbance and should be planted into its permanent position whilst small[7]. A very ornamental plant[8], it grows well on the top of walls and on hot dry banks, covering them with a dense mass of prickly greenery[10]. The flowers have a sweet refreshing perfume, like ripe apples or pineapples[11]. Plants occasionally die back in the centre of the clump, especially after cold wet winters. Cut out the dead growth and layer living shoots into the gap[12]. Closely related to G. tournefortii.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[12].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Genista hispanica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Genista hispanica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Genista hispanica
Genus
Genista
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Genista hispanica2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Genista hispanica2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Genista hispanica2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Genista hispanica2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0900629649 (1974-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. Cassells. ISBN 0-304-31089-1 (1989-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  10. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  13. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-50

"image:Genista hispanica2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Genista hispanica"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusGenista +
Functions asGround cover +, Hedge + and Nitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameGenista hispanica +
Has common nameSpanish Gorse +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageGenista hispanica2.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has mature height0.75 +
Has mature width1.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDiuretic +
Has primary imageGenista hispanica2.jpg +
Has search namegenista hispanica + and spanish gorse +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameGenista hispanica +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Genista hispanica +