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Uses

Toxic parts

The bulb is poisonous raw[1][2], it contains low concentrations of a toxic alkaloid[3][4].

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked[2]. A minor source of starch[1][5][6]. Some caution is advised since there are reports of toxicity.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Fritillaria imperialis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulb is diuretic, emollient and resolvent[4]. It is also a cardiac poison[4]. It has been used as an expectorant and also to encourage increased breast milk production[7]. The fresh plant contains the toxic alkaloid 'imperialine'[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[8]. Protect from frost[9]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible and can take a year or more to germinate[9]. Sow the seed quite thinly to avoid the need to prick out the seedlings. Once they have germinated, give them an occasional liquid feed to ensure that they do not suffer mineral deficiency. Once they die down at the end of their second growing season, divide up the small bulbs, planting 2 - 3 to an 8cm deep pot. Grow them on for at least another year in light shade in the greenhouse before planting them out whilst dormant.

Division of offsets in August[8]. The larger bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on in a cold frame for a year before planting them out in the autumn.

Bulb scales[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fritillaria imperialis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a moderately fertile soil[10]. Prefers a heavy soil without any disturbance, not even hoeing[8][11]. Requires a well-drained soil and a sunny position[11][10][12] or the shade of deciduous trees or shrubs[10]. Succeeds in drier soils and is drought tolerant once established[13]. Plants succeed in most fertile soils, avoiding pure chalk, heavy clay and boggy sites[14].

The dormant bulbs are very hardy and will withstand soil temperatures down to at least -10°c[15]. A very ornamental plant, there are some named varieties[14]. The flowers smell of wet fur and garlic[16].

Bulbs should be planted 10 - 12 cm deep in July[8] on their side with sharp sand beneath them to ensure that they do not rot[11][12].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Fritillaria imperialis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Fritillaria imperialis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Fritillaria imperialis
Genus
Fritillaria
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
?
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Chakravarty. H. L. The Plant Wealth of Iraq. ()
  3. ? 3.03.1 RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  13. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  15. ? Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
  16. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  17. ? Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1976-00-00)

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