This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Inner bark - cooked[1][2][3]. The cambium layer can be scraped down in long, fluffy layers and cooked[4]. It is said to taste like eggs[4]. Inner bark can also be dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickening in soups etc or mixed with cereals when making bread.

Inner bark

Material uses

A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting[5].

A red dye is extracted from the bark[6]. Logs of wood can be beaten with mauls to separate the growth layers, these layers can then be cut into strips and woven into baskets[4].

Wood - hard, heavy, rather strong, tough, elastic, brittle, coarse-grained. It weighs 44lb per cubic foot. Used for tool handles, furniture etc[7][8][9][10][11]. The wood is of poorer quality than F. americana, though it is usually sold under that name[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bark and leaves are a bitter tonic[12][7]. An infusion of the inner bark has been used in the treatment of depression and fatigue[4]. The root is diuretic[12].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Windbreak

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[13]. It usually germinates in the spring[13]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[5]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fraxinus pennsylvanica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[14][5]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[15][5]. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions[5] and also in alkaline soils[15]. They tolerate atmospheric pollution[5]. A fast-growing tree[16]. Plants have little tolerance of shade[6].

Cultivated as a timber tree in C. and S.E. Europe where it is sometimes naturalized[17]. The cultivar 'Patmore' is disease resistant[16].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Fraxinus pennsylvanica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Fraxinus pennsylvanica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Genus
Fraxinus
Family
Oleaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  14. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  17. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
  18. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-43

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-229" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Fraxinus pennsylvanica.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.