Inner bark - cooked
. The cambium layer can be scraped down in long, fluffy layers and cooked
. It is said to taste like eggs
. Inner bark can also be dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickening in soups etc or mixed with cereals when making bread.
A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting
A red dye is extracted from the bark.
Logs of wood can be beaten with mauls to separate the growth layers, these layers can then be cut into strips and woven into baskets.
Wood - hard, heavy, rather strong, tough, elastic, brittle, coarse-grained. It weighs 44lb per cubic foot. Used for tool handles, furniture etc
. The wood is of poorer quality than F. americana, though it is usually sold under that name
The bark and leaves are a bitter tonic
. An infusion of the inner bark has been used in the treatment of depression and fatigue
The root is diuretic
The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame
. It usually germinates in the spring
. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame
. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year.
If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fraxinus pennsylvanica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side
. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil
. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions
and also in alkaline soils
. They tolerate atmospheric pollution
. A fast-growing tree
. Plants have little tolerance of shade
Cultivated as a timber tree in C. and S.E. Europe where it is sometimes naturalized. The cultivar 'Patmore' is disease resistant.
Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Fraxinus pennsylvanica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Fraxinus pennsylvanica.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
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? 12.012.112.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
? 13.013.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? 15.015.115.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
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? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
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