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Uses

Toxic parts

Citronellal, an essential oil found in most Eucalyptus species is reported to be mutagenic when used in isolation[1]. In large doses, oil of eucalyptus, like so many essential oils has caused fatalities from intestinal irritation[1]. Death is reported from ingestion of 4 - 24 ml of essential oils, but recoveries are also reported for the same amount[1]. Symptoms include gastroenteric burning and irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, oxygen deficiency, ,weakness, dizziness, stupor, difficult respiration, delirium, paralysis, convulsions, and death, usually due to respiratory failure[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Eucalyptus piperita.

Material uses

The leaves yield up to 0.8% essential oil[2]. This oil is rich in piperitone, which can be used in the synthesis of the medically active menthol, though it is not known whether this is commercially feasible[3]. Wood - hard, straight grained but liable to gum veins. It makes a good fuel[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Eucalyptus leaves are a traditional Aboriginal herbal remedy. The essential oil found in the leaves is a powerful antiseptic and is used all over the world for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections[4]. The essential oil is a common ingredient in many over-the-counter cold remedies[4]. An essential oil obtained from the leaves is stomachic[5].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow February/March in a sunny position in a greenhouse[6][7][8]. Species that come from high altitudes appreciate 6 - 8 weeks cold stratification at 2°c[9]. Pot up the seedlings into individual pots as soon as the second set of seed leaves has developed, if left longer than this they might not move well. Plant out into their permanent positions in early summer and give them some protection from the cold in their first winter. The seed can also be sown in June, the young trees being planted in their final positions in late spring of the following year. The seed has a long viability[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Eucalyptus piperita. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sunny position in a moderately fertile well-drained moisture retentive circum-neutral soil[9]. Tolerates poor and dry soils, especially those low in mineral elements[9]. Established plants are drought tolerant[9].

This species does not stand heavy frosts or hot dry climates[2]. It is unlikely to be very hardy in Britain but might succeeds outdoors in the mildest parts of the country. Eucalyptus species have not adopted a deciduous habit and continue to grow until it is too cold for them to do so. This makes them more susceptible to damage from sudden cold snaps. If temperature fluctuations are more gradual, as in a woodland for example, the plants have the opportunity to stop growing and become dormant, thus making them more cold resistant. A deep mulch around the roots to prevent the soil from freezing also helps the trees to survive cold conditions[9]. The members of this genus are remarkably adaptable however, there can be a dramatic increase in the hardiness of subsequent generations from the seed of survivors growing in temperate zones[9]. Eucalyptus monocultures are an environmental disaster, they are voracious, allelopathic and encourage the worst possible attitudes to land use and conservation[9]. Trees respond well to coppicing[2]. Plants are shallow-rooting and, especially in windy areas, should be planted out into their permanent positions when small to ensure that they do not suffer from wind-rock[10]. They strongly resent root disturbance and should be container grown before planting out into their permanent position[6].

The flowers are rich in nectar and are a good bee crop[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Eucalyptus piperita. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Eucalyptus piperita.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Eucalyptus piperita
Genus
Eucalyptus
Family
Myrtaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
10
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Eucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Duke. J. Handbook of Energy Crops - (1983-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Ewart. A. J. Flora of Victoria. ()
  3. ? 3.03.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T. Australian Medicinal Plants. ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  7. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  8. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.89.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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Facts about "Eucalyptus piperita"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyMyrtaceae +
Belongs to genusEucalyptus +
Has binomial nameEucalyptus piperita +
Has common nameSydney Peppermint +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone10 +
Has imageEucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential +, Fuel + and Wood +
Has mature height18 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useStomachic +
Has primary imageEucalyptus piperita (White's Voyage).jpg +
Has search nameeucalyptus piperita + and sydney peppermint +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameEucalyptus piperita +
Has water requirementshigh +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Eucalyptus piperita +, Eucalyptus piperita +, Eucalyptus piperita + and Eucalyptus piperita +