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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is said to be poisonous if used in large quantities[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Erysimum cheiri.

Material uses

The flowers contain 0.06% essential oil[2]. It has a pleasing aroma if diluted and is used in perfumery[3][4][5][6]. The seed contains about 20% fixed oil[2], but no details of any uses are given[K].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Wallflower was formerly used mainly as a diuretic and emmenagogue but recent research has shown that it is more valuable for its effect on the heart[7]. In small doses it is a cardiotonic, supporting a failing heart in a similar manner to foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)[7]. In more than small doses, however, it is toxic and so is seldom used in herbal medicine[7].

The flowers and stems are antirheumatic, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, emmenagogue, nervine, purgative and resolvent[8][1][3][4][2]. They are used in the treatment of impotence and paralysis[2]. The essential oil is normally used[8]. This should be used with caution because large doses are toxic[1]. The plant contains the chemical compound cheiranthin which has a stronger cardiotonic action than digitalis (obtained from Digitalis species). If taken in large doses this is very poisonous and so this plant should not be used medicinally without expert supervision[6].

The seeds are aphrodisiac, diuretic, expectorant, stomachic and tonic[2]. They are used in the treatment of dry bronchitis, fevers and injuries to the eyes[2].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in an outdoor seedbed. Germination should take place within 3 weeks. Plant the seedlings into their permanent positions when they are large enough to handle. If seed is in short supply, it can be sown in spring in pots in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Erysimum cheiri. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a position in full sun in a circumneutral soil[9][10][11]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soils[9], tolerating poor and limey soils[12]. Plants are liable to die out if the soil is too rich[10].

Wallflowers are perennial, though they are usually grown as biennials in the flower garden for spring and early summer bedding[9]. There are some named varieties[12]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is liable to die out after flowering, probably because it exhausts itself by producing so many flowers. Plants require a very well-drained dry soil if they are to survive a second winter[12]. They grow well on dry stone walls[13] and also on old mortared walls where they usually self-sow[14]. A good butterfly and moth plant[15][16].

A good companion for apple trees[17][18][13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

Malus domestica (Apple)

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Erysimum cheiri.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Erysimum cheiri
Genus
Erysimum
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Cheiranthus cheiri L orange bedder dsc00903.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Cheiranthus cheiri L orange bedder dsc00903.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Chakravarty. H. L. The Plant Wealth of Iraq. ()
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
  14. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  15. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  16. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)
  17. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  18. ? Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)

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Facts about "Erysimum cheiri"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
Belongs to genusErysimum +
Has binomial nameErysimum cheiri +
Has common nameWallflower +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeBees + and Flies +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has imageCheiranthus cheiri L orange bedder dsc00903.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential +
Has mature height0.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +, Antispasmodic +, Aphrodisiac +, Cardiotonic +, Diuretic +, Emmenagogue +, Expectorant +, Nervine +, Ophthalmic +, Purgative +, Resolvent +, Stomachic + and Tonic +
Has primary imageCheiranthus cheiri L orange bedder dsc00903.jpg +
Has search nameerysimum cheiri + and wallflower +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceNeutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameErysimum cheiri +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri +, Erysimum cheiri + and Erysimum cheiri +