The seed is slightly poisonous. This report probably refers to the hydrogen cyanide that is found in many plants of this family, the seed should only be used in small amounts if it is bitter[K]. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Roasted, cooked as a Coffee
The loquat is one of the most popular cough remedies in the Far East, it is the ingredient of many patent medicines.
Provides nectar and pollen for bees in late Autumn/early Winter
Best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold fame in the spring. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours and sow late winter in a warm greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Prefers a fertile well-drained soil in full sun or light shade. Succeeds in any well-drained soil but dislikes too much lime. Prefers to be near the coast, tolerating maritime exposure but dislikes cold winds. Tolerates dry soils. Succeeds in an open position in the milder areas of Britain but usually requires wall protection in most of this country. Plants are hardy to at least -5°c, and can survive to between -12 and -17°c but with some damage. Plants from different provenances differ widely in their hardiness, it is best to obtain stock as cuttings from plants that are established in this country. Trees usually only flower and produce fruit in Britain after a long hot summer, but a tree at Maidwell Hall in Northants fruits regularly. The main difficulty with producing a crop of fruit from this tree is that the plant flower in the winter and will not ripen fruit of a satisfactory standard if the winter is cold. Indeed, the fruit is rendered inedible by hard frosts in cold areas. Often cultivated for its edible fruit in warm temperate regions, there are more than 800 cultivars in Japan. 'Advance' is a dwarf tree with very juicy fruits. The flowers emit a most potent oriental perfume.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Eriobotrya japonica.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
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