Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Elodea canadensis.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Elodea canadensis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the plant has been used as a strong emetic[1].
There are no medicinal uses listed for Elodea canadensis.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Biogenic Decalcifier/Pioneer Species

E. canadensis is one of a handful of aquatic plant species uniquely suited to life in extremely alkaline water[2]. In environments where CO2 saturation in the water is poor but calcium carbonate (limestone) is prevalent, this species will utilize CaCO3 as a carbon source[2]. With enough growth in a relatively closed environment, the plant can actually deplete the available calcium carbonate (and thus reduce the carbonate hardness of the water), a process known as biogenic decalcification[2]. By reducing alkalinity and hardness, E. canadensis can act as a pioneer species in lime-rich ponds, altering water parameters to be more suitable to other aquatic flora less tolerant of extreme alkalinity.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Fish

Newly hatched and juvenile fish of numerous species take shelter in dense masses of E. canadensis, where larger aquatic predators cannot easily navigate.

Crayfish

Much like with small fish, crayfish will hide in thick plantings of E. canadensis, where they both avoid larger predators and scavenge the detritus that tends to get caught in the dense foliage.

Propagation

Seed - seldom produced in Britain, if it is obtained it should not be allowed to dry out and is best sown immediately in water.
Extremely simple to propagate via cuttings. Can be anchored in the substrate of a pond or left to float freely. Division can be carried out at almost any time in the growing season. Growth and vegetative propagation is rampant in favorable conditions.

Seed

Rooted cuttings

Cultivation

A floating, submerged plant, growing well in slowly-moving water and also succeeding in ponds[1]. Plants grow more vigorously when able to root into the mud of the pond[3]. This species, when first introduced into British waterways in the mid nineteenth century, spread rapidly to become a great peat, blocking many waterways[4]. It then seemed to lose its vigour and is now widespread but seldom abundant[4]. Most of the plants grown in Britain are a female clone[4]. Plants perennate by means of overwintering buds that sink to the bottom of the pond in the autumn and then commence growing in the spring.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Elodea canadensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Elodea canadensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Elodea canadensis
Genus
Elodea
Family
Hydrocharitaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
2
Heat Zone
?
Water
aquatic
Sun
full sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    ?
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    white
    Flower Type

    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Amanda Wenger "The Planted Tank: Planting from the bottom up: substrate" (TFH Magazine Jan 2014 Issue) TFH Publications (2014/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)



    "image:elodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Elodea canadensis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteFalse +
    Article requires citationsFalse +
    Article requires cleanupFalse +
    Belongs to familyHydrocharitaceae +
    Belongs to genusElodea +
    Functions asBiogenic Decalcifier/Pioneer Species +
    Has binomial nameElodea canadensis +
    Has common nameCanadian Pondweed +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
    Has flowers of colourwhite +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone2 +
    Has imageElodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has primary imageelodeacanadensisinflorescence.JPG +
    Has search nameelodea canadensis + and canadian pondweed +
    Has seed requiring scarificationFalse +
    Has seed requiring stratificationFalse +
    Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWet +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameElodea canadensis +
    Has water requirementsaquatic +
    Is grown fromSeed + and Cutting +
    Is herbaceous or woodyHerbaceous +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Provides shelter forFish + and Crayfish +
    Tolerates air pollutionFalse +
    Tolerates maritime exposureFalse +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilFalse +
    Tolerates windFalse +