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Edible uses


The leaves are used as a tea substitute[1][2][3][4].

Unknown part


Material uses

The plant makes a good ground cover for spring bulbs, though it is not strongly weed suppressive[5]. Slow-growing at first, it then forms a dense mat[6]. Plants should be spaced about 30cm apart each way and they form a carpet, the branches rooting at intervals along the stems[7].
There are no material uses listed for Dryas octopetala.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The entire plant, harvested just before or at flowering time is astringent and digestive[8]. An infusion is used as a stomach tonic, and also as a gargle for treating gingivitis and other disorders of the mouth and throat[8].

Unknown part


Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Nitrogen fixer


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - best sown in pots a shady cold frame or sheltered place outdoors as soon as it is ripe[5]. Stored seed requires stratification and should be sown as soon as possible. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 12 months or more at 20°c[5]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Division of self-layered shoots in early spring[9][5].

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in sharp sand in a frame[9][5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Dryas octopetala. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Easily grown in ordinary gardening soil[9][10], preferring a sunny position[11]. Prefers limestone soils[9]. Prefers a gritty well-drained peaty soil[12].

A sub-shrub, producing annual stems from a woody base[10][5]. A good plant for a rock garden[9], it succeeds on banks and on walls[12]. A very ornamental plant[9]. The sub-species D. octopetala hookeriana has been shown to produce nitrogen nodules on its roots due to a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, in the same way as peas and beans[13]. It has been assumed here that the species type can also do this[K]. Some of the nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[5].

Established plants strongly resent root disturbance[5].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Dryas octopetala. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Dryas octopetala.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Dryas octopetala
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type

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    "image:Mountainavens2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. Cassells. ISBN 0-304-31089-1 (1989-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    8. ? Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    11. ? Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
    14. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-17

    "image:Mountainavens2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Dryas octopetala"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRosaceae +
    Belongs to genusDryas +
    Functions asGround cover + and Nitrogen fixer +
    Has binomial nameDryas octopetala +
    Has common nameMountain Avens +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +
    Has edible useTea +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone2 +
    Has imageMountainavens2.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height0.1 +
    Has mature width1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent + and Digestive +
    Has primary imageMountainavens2.jpg +
    Has search namedryas octopetala + and mountain avens +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDryas octopetala +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Dryas octopetala +, Dryas octopetala + and Dryas octopetala +