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Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6]. The fruit has an exquisitely rich flavour when it is very soft and fully ripe (almost at the point of going bad), but the fruit of many cultivars is very harsh and astringent before then[K]. In Britain, the fruit needs to be harvested whilst it is still very hard. This is done very late in the season (in December or even January if possible), it is then stored in a cool but frost-free place until very soft and fully ripe[K]. The fruit can also be used in pies, cakes, bread, desserts etc[7]. It contains 25% sugars[8]. A fuller nutritional analysis is available[9]. The fruit can also be dried for later use[7]. The fruit is about 7.5cm in diameter[10]. The peel of the fruit can be powdered and used as a sweetener[7]. The leaves are used to improve the flavour of pickled radishes[7]. The roasted seeds are a coffee substitute[7][11].

Unknown part

Fruit

Material uses

The pulp of unripe fruits is used in cosmetics to make face-packs because of its firming qualities[4]. Wood - hard and durable with a beautiful grain. Used for making fine furniture[12].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Appetizer, sialagogue[13][14][15]. The stem bark is astringent and styptic[9]. The fruit is said to have different properties depending on its stage of ripeness, though it is generally antitussive, astringent, laxative, nutritive and stomachic[9][16]. The fresh fully ripe fruit is used raw in the treatment of constipation and haemorrhoids[16] and when cooked is used to treat diarrhoea[16].. The dried ripe fruit is used in the treatment of bronchial complaints[16], whilst when ground into a powder it is used to treat dry coughs[16]. Juice from the unripe fruit is used in the treatment of hypertension[9][16]. The fruits, picked green and ripened in containers with the leaves, become very sweet and are considered to be antifebrile, antivinous and demulcent[9]. The fruits are also peeled and then exposed to sunlight by day and dew by night. They become encrusted with a white powder and are then considered to be anthelmintic, antihaemorrhagic, antivinous, expectorant, febrifuge and restorative[9]. The peduncle is used to treat coughs and hiccups[9]. The calyx is used to treat hiccups[14].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[17][10]. Stored seed requires a period of cold-stratification and should be sown as early in the year as possible[18]. It usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[19]. Pot up the young seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into fairly deep pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. Give them some protection from winter cold for their first year or two outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[10]. Layering in spring[10].

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Cultivation

Prefers a good deep loamy soil in sun or light shade but succeeds in most soils[20][21][10]. Dislikes very acid or wet and poorly drained soils[10]. Requires a sheltered position[10]. Dormant plants are quite hardy in Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -14°c[8], but they require warmer summers than are normally experienced in Britain in order to ripen their fruit and wood[3]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. A warm sunny wall improves the chance of producing ripe fruit[3] and trees fruit freely when grown under glass[1]. Fruits are frequently produced outdoors at Kew[11, K]. A tree seen in a open position with afternoon shade at Kew in November 1993 (after a cool summer) had about 200 almost ripe fruits around 8cm in diameter[K]. The same tree, after a fairly warm summer in 1996, had a large quantity of fruit just about ready for harvesting in the middle of December[K]. Trees produce a long taproot and should be planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible[10]. The young trees require some winter protection for their first winter or two[K]. The persimmon is widely cultivated for its edible fruit in warm temperate areas of the world, especially in Japan and China, there are many named varieties[7]. Some cultivars, such as 'Fuyu', lack the usual astringency and can be eaten whilst still firm, though they develop a richer flavour if allowed to become soft[7][10]. These non-astringent forms require a warmer climate and do not ripen in cooler areas[7]. The astringent cultivars are somewhat hardier and ripen well in cooler climates than the non-astringent forms[7]. The fruit colours better and is sweeter in warmer areas but in hot conditions has a poor texture and deep black spots develop[7]. If allowed to become very ripe (almost to the point of going rotten), they develop a better flavour than non-astringent forms[7]. Dioecious, but the female tree can produce seedless fruits in the absence of a pollinator. However, unfertilized fruit tends to be smaller and more astringent[10]. This astringency is due to the high content of tannin but once the fruit is fully ripe it loses this astringency and becomes sweet[21]. If fertilized fruit is required, then growing one male for every 8 - 10 females is usually adequate[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Diospyros kaki. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Diospyros kaki.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Diospyros kaki
Genus
Diospyros
Family
Ebenaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    12 x 7 meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-01-01)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-01-01)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-01-01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-01-01)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-01-01)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-01-01)
    7. ? 7.007.017.027.037.047.057.067.077.087.097.107.11 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-01-01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.8 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-01-01)
    10. ? 10.0010.0110.0210.0310.0410.0510.0610.0710.0810.0910.1010.11 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-01-01)
    12. ? 12.012.1 [Flora of China] (1994-01-01)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-01-01)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-01-01)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.416.516.616.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-01-01)
    17. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-01-01)
    18. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-01-01)
    19. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Focus on Plants. Volume 5. (formerly 'Growing from seed') Thompson and Morgan. (1991-01-01)
    20. ? 20.020.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-01-01)
    21. ? 21.021.1 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    Facts about "Diospyros kaki"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Belongs to familyEbenaceae +
    Belongs to genusDiospyros +
    Has binomial nameDiospyros kaki +
    Has common namePersimmon +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Fruit +
    Has edible useCoffee +, Condiment +, Unknown use + and Sweetener +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has image200412 - Plaqueminier et ses kakis.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useCosmetic + and Wood +
    Has mature height12 +
    Has mature width7 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Antitussive +, Antivinous +, Appetizer +, Astringent +, Demulcent +, Expectorant +, Febrifuge +, Hypotensive +, Laxative +, Sialagogue +, Stomachic + and Styptic +
    Has primary image200412 - Plaqueminier et ses kakis.jpg +
    Has search namediospyros kaki + and persimmon +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDiospyros kaki +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki +, Diospyros kaki + and Diospyros kaki +