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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The flower heads are pickled in vinegar[1][2][3][4].

Young leaves - cooked[5][3][4]. An aromatic tea is made from the leaves[4].

Seed[4]. No more details are given but it is very small and would be rather fiddly to use.

Flowers

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

The seed contains about 16% of a semi-drying oil, but no information is given as to its uses[6]. The seed is rather small, commercial extraction is probably not viable[K].

Unknown part

Oil

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The whole plant is antiphlogistic, blood tonic, depurative, febrifuge and vulnerary[7][8][9].

The plant is used in China to treat eye ailments[10]. In conjunction with black pepper it is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[6]. The leaves are depurative[6]. They are used in China in the treatment of migraine[6]. The flowers are aperient, bitter, hypotensive, stomachic and vasodilator[11][6]. They have an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus, E. coli, streptococcus, C. diphtheriae, Bacillus dysenteriae[11]. The flowers are used in the treatment of furuncle, scrofula, deep-rooted boils, inflammation of the throat, eyes and cervix, eczema, itchiness of the skin and hypertension[11].

An essential oil obtained from the plant contains chrysanthenone, this is active on the brain centre affected by Parkinson's disease[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring to early summer in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed[12]. It usually germinates in 10 - 18 days at 15°c but if it does not germinate within 4 weeks then try chilling the seed for 3 weeks in the salad compartment of a fridge[13]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Dendranthema indicum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most well-drained fertile soils in a sunny position[14][12].

Plants tolerate temperatures down to about -10°c and should succeed outdoors in most parts of Britain[15]. This species is closely related to D. x grandiflorum (the cultivated chrysanthemum) according to one report[16] whilst another says that it is a parent of the cultivated chrysanthemum[14]. It has been proposed (1999) to restore this species to Chrysanthemum as C. indicum L. since the plant is so widely known under this name.

When bruised, the foliage has a pungent refreshing fragrance that is somewhat lemon-like and reminiscent of chamomile[17].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Dendranthema indicum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Dendranthema indicum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Dendranthema indicum
Genus
Dendranthema
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.7 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    8. ? 8.08.1 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    10. ? 10.010.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    13. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)
    17. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    18. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)


    Facts about "Dendranthema indicum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCompositae +
    Belongs to genusDendranthema +
    Has binomial nameDendranthema indicum +
    Has common nameChrysanthemum +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves +, Seed + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useOil +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiphlogistic +, Aperient +, Bitter +, Blood tonic +, Depurative +, Febrifuge +, Ophthalmic +, Stomachic +, VD + and Vulnerary +
    Has search namedendranthema indicum + and chrysanthemum +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDendranthema indicum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum +, Dendranthema indicum + and Dendranthema indicum +