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Edible uses


Fruit - raw. A sweet taste[1][2], it is palatable but with a slightly oily taste[3]. Also used as a masticatory[4] (this last report probably refers to the use of the resin). A resin is obtained from the tree[2], it is used as a chewing gum[3].


Unknown part


Material uses

Plants are fairly amenable to trimming and could possible be grown as a hedge in mild areas of the country[5]. Wood - yellowish, easily worked. Used for general carpentry and for paper pulp[6][7][8][9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Dacrycarpus dacrydioides.


Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions



Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


The seed can be very slow to germinate, often taking 18 months or more. It is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible[5]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter or two outdoors. Cuttings of short leading shoots, late summer in a frame[6]. Plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts. It side shoots are used as cuttings they will form prostrate plants[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Dacrycarpus dacrydioides. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Requires sheltered moist woodland conditions[10].

Plants are not very frost-tolerant and are only hardy outdoors in the mildest areas of Britain[6][11].

In their native habitat trees can reach 45 metres in height, but they are slow growing in Britain and rarely exceed 6 metres[12][13].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Dacrycarpus dacrydioides. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Dacrycarpus dacrydioides.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    6 x meters
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type

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    "image:Kahikatea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Kahikatea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Kahikatea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    "image:Kahikatea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    1. ? 1.01.1 Laing. and Blackwell. Plants of New Zealand. Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd (1907-00-00)
    2. ? Brooker. S. G., Cambie. R. C. and Cooper. R. C. Economic Native Plants of New Zealand. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-558229-2 (1991-00-00)
    3. ? Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    6. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    10. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    11. ? Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
    12. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    13. ? Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
    14. ? Allan. H. H. Flora of New Zealand. Government Printer, Wellington. (1961-00-00)

    "image:Kahikatea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Dacrycarpus dacrydioides"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPodocarpaceae +
    Belongs to genusDacrycarpus +
    Functions asHedge +
    Has binomial nameDacrycarpus dacrydioides +
    Has common nameKahikatea +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Gum +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone9 +
    Has imageKahikatea.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useResin + and Wood +
    Has mature height6 +
    Has primary imageKahikatea.jpg +
    Has search namedacrycarpus dacrydioides + and kahikatea +
    Has shade tolerancePartial shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDacrycarpus dacrydioides +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Dacrycarpus dacrydioides +, Dacrycarpus dacrydioides +, Dacrycarpus dacrydioides + and Dacrycarpus dacrydioides +